Humanities › History & Culture James Madison Fast Facts Share Flipboard Email Print traveler1116 / Getty Images History & Culture American History U.S. Presidents Basics Important Historical Figures Key Events Native American History American Revolution America Moves Westward The Gilded Age Crimes & Disasters The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Martin Kelly History Expert M.A., History, University of Florida B.A., History, University of Florida Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government." our editorial process Martin Kelly Updated January 14, 2020 James Madison (1751 to 1836) was America's shortest president standing at only 5'4". He was very important in the founding of America. He was one of the three authors, including Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, of the Federalist papers which helped persuade states to ratify the Constitution. He was also the "Father of the Constitution" in that he was influential in its construction and terms. Birth March 16, 1751 Death June 28, 1836 Term of Office March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817 Number of Terms Elected 2 Terms First Lady Dolley Payne Todd Nickname "Father of the Constitution" James Madison Quote "Every word [of the Constitution] decides a question between power and liberty." Major Events While in Office Non-Intercourse Act (1809 to 1810)War of 1812 (1812)Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key (1814)Treaty of Ghent (1814)Battle of New Orleans (1814)Hartford Convention (1814 to 1815)Second Bank of the United States Chartered (1816) States Entering Union While in Office Louisiana (1812)Indiana (1816) Related James Madison Resources These additional resources on James Madison can provide you with further information about the president and his times. James Madison Biography: Take a more in depth look at the fourth president of the United States through this biography. You'll learn about his childhood, family, early career, and the major events of his administration.War of 1812 Resources: The fledgling United States needed to flex its muscle one more time to convince Great Britain it was truly independent. Read about the people, places, battles, and events that proved to the world America was here to stay.War of 1812 Timeline: This timeline focuses on the events of the War of 1812.US Constitution Facts: James Madison was responsible for drafting much of the US Constitution. Here is an overview of major facts, and key points about this pivotal document.Revolutionary War: The debate over the Revolutionary War as a true 'revolution' will not be resolved. Without this struggle, America might still be part of the British Empire. Find out about the people, places, and events that shaped the revolution.Chart of Presidents and Vice Presidents: This informative chart gives quick reference information on the Presidents, Vice-Presidents, their terms of office, and their political parties.