James Madison Fast Facts

James Madison, America's Third President
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James Madison (1751 to 1836) was America's shortest president standing at only 5'4". He was very important in the founding of America. He was one of the three authors, including Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, of the Federalist papers which helped persuade states to ratify the Constitution. He was also the "Father of the Constitution" in that he was influential in its construction and terms. 


March 16, 1751


June 28, 1836

Term of Office

March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817

Number of Terms Elected

2 Terms

First Lady


"Father of the Constitution"

James Madison Quote

"Every word [of the Constitution] decides a question between power and liberty."

Major Events While in Office

States Entering Union While in Office

  • Louisiana (1812)
  • Indiana (1816)

Related James Madison Resources

These additional resources on James Madison can provide you with further information about the president and his times.

  • James Madison Biography: Take a more in depth look at the fourth president of the United States through this biography. You'll learn about his childhood, family, early career, and the major events of his administration.
  • War of 1812 Resources: The fledgling United States needed to flex its muscle one more time to convince Great Britain it was truly independent. Read about the people, places, battles, and events that proved to the world America was here to stay.
  • War of 1812 Timeline: This timeline focuses on the events of the War of 1812.
  • US Constitution Facts: James Madison was responsible for drafting much of the US Constitution. Here is an overview of major facts, and key points about this pivotal document.
  • Revolutionary War: The debate over the Revolutionary War as a true 'revolution' will not be resolved. Without this struggle, America might still be part of the British Empire. Find out about the people, places, and events that shaped the revolution.
  • Chart of Presidents and Vice Presidents: This informative chart gives quick reference information on the Presidents, Vice-Presidents, their terms of office, and their political parties.