Japanese Numbers - Learn How to Count in Japanese

Basic Japanese Vocabulary

Woman counting happiness
Tadamasa Taniguchi/The Image Bank/Getty Images

One of the the most important things to learn when studying a new language is the vocabulary for how to count. Being able to discuss quantities is a great skill to acquire on your journey to learn Japanese. In Japanese, depending what it is you are trying to count, there are different methods used. Things that are flat, long, wide, big or small all have different counters. For now we won't worry about that and will just focus on basic counting.

Once you feel confident with basic counting you can move on to practicing the counters used for people and objects.

To form numbers from 11~19, start with "juu" (10) and then add the number you need.

Twenty is "ni-juu" (2X10) and for twenty one, just add one (nijuu ichi).

There is another numerical system in Japanese, which is the native Japanese numbers. The native Japanese numbers are limited to one through ten.

Japanese Numbers

0zero/rei
1ichi
2ni
3san
4shi/yon
5go
6roku
7shichi/nana
8hachi
9kyuu/ku
10juu
11juuichi十一
12juuni十二
13juusan十三
14juushi十四
15juugo十五
16juuroku十六
17juushichi十七
18juuhachi十八
19juuku十九
20nijuu二十
21nijuuichi二十一
22nijuuni二十一
etc
30sanjuu三十
31sanjuuichi三十一
32sanjuuni三十二
etc
40yonjuu四十
50gojuu五十
60rokujuu六十
70nanajuu七十
80hachijuu八十
90kyuujuu九十
100hyaku
150hyakugojuu百五十
200nihyaku二百
300sanbyaku三百
1000sen
1500sengohyaku千五百
2000nisen二千
10,000ichiman一万
100,000juuman十万
1,000,000hyakuman百万
10,000,000senman千万
100,000,000ichioku一億
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Abe, Namiko. "Japanese Numbers - Learn How to Count in Japanese." ThoughtCo, Jul. 25, 2016, thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150. Abe, Namiko. (2016, July 25). Japanese Numbers - Learn How to Count in Japanese. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150 Abe, Namiko. "Japanese Numbers - Learn How to Count in Japanese." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150 (accessed November 22, 2017).