Languages › Japanese Learn Basic Counting and Numbers in Japanese Share Flipboard Email Print Tadamasa Taniguchi/The Image Bank/Getty Images Japanese Essential Japanese Vocabulary History & Culture Japanese Grammar By Namiko Abe Japanese Language Expert B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. our editorial process Namiko Abe Updated February 28, 2020 One of the most important things to learn when studying a new language is the vocabulary for how to count. Being able to discuss quantities is a great skill to acquire on your journey to learn Japanese. In Japanese, depending on what it is you are trying to count, there are different methods used. Things that are flat, long, wide, big or small all have different counters. For now, we won't worry about that and will just focus on basic counting. Once you feel confident with basic counting you can move on to practicing the counters used for people and objects. To form numbers from 11~19, start with "juu" (10) and then add the number you need. Twenty is "ni-juu" (2X10) and for twenty-one, just add one (nijuu ichi). There is another numerical system in Japanese, which is the native Japanese numbers. The native Japanese numbers are limited to one through ten. Japanese Numbers 0 zero/ rei 零 1 ichi 一 2 ni 二 3 san 三 4 shi/ yon 四 5 go 五 6 roku 六 7 shichi/ nana 七 8 hachi 八 9 kyuu/ ku 九 10 juu 十 11 juuichi 十一 12 juuni 十二 13 juusan 十三 14 juushi 十四 15 juugo 十五 16 juuroku 十六 17 juushichi 十七 18 juuhachi 十八 19 juuku 十九 20 nijuu 二十 21 nijuuichi 二十一 22 nijuuni 二十一 30 sanjuu 三十 31 sanjuuichi 三十一 32 sanjuuni 三十二 40 yonjuu 四十 50 gojuu 五十 60 rokujuu 六十 70 nanajuu 七十 80 hachijuu 八十 90 kyuujuu 九十 100 hyaku 百 150 hyakugojuu 百五十 200 nihyaku 二百 300 sanbyaku 三百 1000 sen 千 1500 sengohyaku 千五百 2000 nisen 二千 10,000 ichiman 一万 100,000 juuman 十万 1,000,000 hyakuman 百万 10,000,000 senman 千万 100,000,000 ichioku 一億 Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Abe, Namiko. "Learn Basic Counting and Numbers in Japanese." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150. Abe, Namiko. (2020, August 26). Learn Basic Counting and Numbers in Japanese. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150 Abe, Namiko. "Learn Basic Counting and Numbers in Japanese." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-numbers-learn-how-to-count-in-japanese-2028150 (accessed May 7, 2021). copy citation Telling Time in Japanese Counting in Japanese When to Use On-Reading and Kun-Reading for Kanji How to Write Love in Japanese Kanji Japanese Writing for Beginners All About Radicals in the Japanese Language Japanese Number Seven Days of the Month in Japanese Learn the Days of the Week in Japanese on YouTube How To Stress Syllables in Japanese Pronunciation How to Say "Want" or "Desire" in Japanese What Does Daijoubu Mean in Japanese? "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" Christmas Carol in Japanese How to Say "Why" in Japanese Frequently Asked Questions in Introductory Japanese Learn the Japanese Phrase 'Ki o Tsukete'