Japanese Verb Conjugations

Japanese verbs are roughly divided into three groups according to their dictionary form (basic form). The basic form of 'Group 1' verbs end with "~ u". The basic form of 'Group 2' verbs end with either "~iru" or "~ eru". 'Group 3' verbs are irregular verbs. There are only two irregular verbs, kuru (to come) and suru (to do).

Click here to learn more about Japanese verbs and hear their pronunciation ("Audio Phrasaebook – verbs").

Here are some common verbs from each group. The links lead to various conjugations of each verb.

Group 1

aruku (歩く) --- to walk 
asobu (遊ぶ) --- to play 
au (会う) --- to meet 
hairu (入る) --- to enter 
hajimaru (始まる) --- to begin 
iku (行く) --- to go 
kaeru (帰る) --- to return 
kakaru (かかる) --- to take
kaku (書く) --- to write
kau (買う) --- to buy 
kiku (聞く) --- to listen 
matsu (待つ) --- to wait 
motsu (持つ) --- to have
narau (習う) --- to learn
nomu (飲む) --- to drink
okuru (送る) --- to send
omou (思う) --- to think
oyogu (泳ぐ) --- to swim
shiru (知る) --- to know 
suwaru (座る) --- to sit 
tatsu (立つ) --- to stand 
tomaru (止まる) --- to stop 
tsuku (着く) --- to arrive 
uru (売る) --- to sell
utau (歌う) --- to sing
wakaru (分かる) --- to understand
warau (笑う) --- to laugh 
yomu (読む) --- to read 

Group 2

kangaeru (考える) --- to think
miru (見る) --- to see; to look
neru (寝る) --- to sleep
oshieru (教える) --- to teach
taberu (食べる) --- to eat

Group 3

kuru (来る) --- to come 
suru (する) --- to do

mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Abe, Namiko. "Japanese Verb Conjugations." ThoughtCo, Dec. 22, 2015, thoughtco.com/japanese-verb-conjugations-2027929. Abe, Namiko. (2015, December 22). Japanese Verb Conjugations. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-verb-conjugations-2027929 Abe, Namiko. "Japanese Verb Conjugations." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/japanese-verb-conjugations-2027929 (accessed February 22, 2018).