Congugation of "Jeter" in French

woman throwing clothes off balcony
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 Jeter is one of two verbs that means "to throw" in French, and conjugation of this common verb can be tricky for students to learn. But this stem-changing verb, like lancer (which means the same thing), is a very useful one to know. You'll use this verb to talk about sports and to describe everyday activities.

Present, Future, Imperfect

The first step in any French verb conjugation is to identify the stem and in this case, it is jet -.

That's very important here because jeter is a stem-changing verb. In the conjugations, you will notice that some forms use a double 'T' while others retain the single letter from the infinitive form.

SubjectPresentFutureImperfect
jejettejetteraijetais
tujettesjetterasjetais
iljettejetterajetait
nousjetonsjetteronsjetions
vousjetezjetterezjetiez
ilsjettentjetterontjetaient

A series of infinitive endings are added to the stem to match the subject pronoun with the proper tense. For instance:

  • "je jette" > "I throw" 
  • "nous jetterons."  We will throw" 

Present and Past Participles

The present participle of jeter is formed with an -ant ending to create jetant. It's also an adjective, noun, or gerund in certain circumstances. Forming the past tense passé composé is simple. Conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir, then attach the past participle jeté. Examples:

  • "j'ai jeté" > "I threw"
  • "nous avons jeté." > "We threw"

    Subjunctive, Conditional, and Other Conjugations

    As you become more proficient in French, you may also need to know some of these tenses. The subjunctive verb mood implies that there's a question to the verb's action. The conditional does not guarantee it either because the action is dependent on conditions.

    You'll probably only find the passé composé and the imperfect subjunctive when reading French.

    SubjectSubjunctiveConditionalPassé SimpleImperfect Subjunctive
    jejettejetteraisjetaijetasse
    tujettesjetteraisjetasjetasses
    iljettejetteraitjetajetât
    nousjetionsjetterionsjetâmesjetassions
    vousjetiezjetteriezjetâtesjetassiez
    ilsjettentjetteraientjetèrentjetassent

    In the imperative verb form, skip the subject pronoun because it's implied in the verb. For these short exclamations, use "jette" instead of "tu jette."

     Imperative
    (tu)jette
    (nous)jetons
    (vous)jetez

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