Lab Equipment & Instruments

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Chemistry Lab

Lab equipment

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This is a collection of lab equipment and scientific instruments.

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Glassware Is Important for a Lab

Laboratory glassware

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Analytical Balance

Mettler balance

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 This type of analytical balance is called a Mettler balance. This is a digital balance used for measuring mass with 0.1 mg precision.

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Beakers in the Chemistry Lab

Cylindrical beaker

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Centrifuge

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A centrifuge is a motorized piece of laboratory equipment which spins liquid samples to separate their components. Centrifuges come in two main sizes, a tabletop version which is often called a microcentrifuge and a larger floor model. 

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Laptop Computer

Computer lab

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 A computer is a valuable piece of modern laboratory equipment.​

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Flask Glassware Used for Medium Volumes

Flasks

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One characteristic that distinguishes flasks is that they present a narrow section called a neck.

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Erlenmeyer Flasks

Erlenmeyer Flasks

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An Erlenmeyer flask is a type of laboratory flask with a conical base and cylindrical neck. The flask is named after its inventor, German chemist Emil Erlenmeyer, who made the first Erlenmeyer flask in 1861.

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Florence Flask

Florence Flask

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 A Florence flask or boiling flask is a round-bottom borosilicate glass container with thick walls, capable of withstanding temperature changes.

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Fume Hood

Fume hood

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A fume hood or fume cupboard is a piece of laboratory equipment designed to limit exposure to dangerous fumes. The air inside the fume hood is either vented to the outside or else filtered and recirculated.

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Microwave Oven

MIcrowave oven

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 A microwave can be used to melt or heat many chemicals.

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Paper Chromatography

Chromatograph tank
Parts of a cromatograph tank: (1) Lid, (2) Paper, (3) Solvent front, (4) Solvent.

Theresa Knott/CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikimedia Commons 

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Pipet or Pipette for Measuring Small Volumes

Pipette

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 Pipets (pipettes) are used to measure and transfer small volumes. There are many different types of pipets. Examples of pipet types include disposable, reusable, autoclavable, and manual

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Graduated Cylinder

Graduated cylinder

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Thermometer

Thermometer

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Vials

Phials
Glass vials also known as phials.

 Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

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Volumetric Flask

Volumetric flasks

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Volumetric flasks are used to accurately prepare solutions for chemistry.

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Electronic Microscope

Electronic Microscope

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Funnel & Flasks

Glass Funnel and flask

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Micropipette

Micropipette

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Sample Extraction

Multiple sampling

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Petri Dish

Petri Dish

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 A Petri dish is a shallow cylindrical dish that has a lid. It is named after its inventor, German bacteriologist Julius Petri. Petri dishes are made of glass or plastic.​

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Pipette Bulb

Pipette bulb

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A pipette bulb is used to draw liquid up into a pipette.  

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Spectrophotometer

Spectrophotometer

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 A spectrophotometer is a device capable of measuring light intensity as a function of its wavelength. 

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Titration

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The titration also known as titrimetry or volumetric analysis is a process used for accurately measuring volume.

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Example of a Chemistry Lab

Chemistry Laboratory

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Galileo Thermometer

Galileo thermometer

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 A Galileo thermometer works using principles of buoyancy.

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Bunsen Burner Picture

Bunsen burner

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Chemostat Bioreactor

A chemostat is a type of bioreactor in which the chemical environment is held constant.

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A chemostat is a type of bioreactor in which the chemical environment is held constant (static) by removing effluent while adding culture medium. Ideally, the volume of the system is unchanged.​

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Gold Leaf Electroscope Diagram

Gold Leaf Electroscope

 Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

The gold leaf electroscope can detect static electricity. ​The charge on the metal cap passes into the stem and gold. The stem and the gold have the same electrical charge, so they repel each other, causing the gold foil to bend outward from the stem.

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Photoelectric Effect Diagram

Photoelectric

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The photoelectric effect occurs when matter emits electrons upon absorbing electromagnetic radiation, such as light.

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Gas Chromatograph Diagram

Gas Chromatograph Diagram

 Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

This is a generalized diagram of a gas chromatograph, an instrument used to separate the chemical components of a complex sample.

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Bomb Calorimeter

Bomb calorimeter

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A calorimeter is a device used to measure the heat change or heat capacity of chemical reactions or physical changes.

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Goethe Barometer

Goethe barometer

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 A 'Goethe barometer' or storm glass, a type of water-based barometer. The sealed body of the glass barometer is filled with water, while the narrow spout is open to the atmosphere. 

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Weights or Masses

Weights

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Spring Weighing Scale

Spring scale

 Image courtesy of Amazon

A spring weighing scale is used to determine the weight of an object from the displacement of the spring.​

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Steel Ruler

Ruler

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Thermometer with Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales

Thermometer

 Image courtesy of Amazon

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Desiccator and Vacuum Desiccator Glassware

A desiccator is sealed container which contains a desiccant to protect items from humidity.

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A desiccator is sealed container which holds a desiccant to protect items or chemicals from humidity.

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Microscope

Microscopy

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