Lab Equipment & Instruments

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Chemistry Lab

Lab equipment
 Andrew Brookes/Getty Images

This is a collection of lab equipment and scientific instruments.

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Glassware Is Important for a Lab

Laboratory glassware
 Andrew Brookes/Getty Images
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Analytical Balance

Mettler balance
Public domain/Wikimedia Commons

 This type of analytical balance is called a Mettler balance. This is a digital balance used for measuring mass with 0.1 mg precision.

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Beakers in the Chemistry Lab

Cylindrical beaker
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Centrifuge

Centrifuge
 Fuse/Getty Images

A centrifuge is a motorized piece of laboratory equipment which spins liquid samples to separate their components. Centrifuges come in two main sizes, a tabletop version which is often called a microcentrifuge and a larger floor model. 

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Laptop Computer

Computer lab
 Westend61/Getty Images

 A computer is a valuable piece of modern laboratory equipment.​

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Flask Glassware Used for Medium Volumes

Flasks
Apostrophe Productions/Getty Images 

One characteristic that distinguishes flasks is that they present a narrow section called a neck.

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Erlenmeyer Flasks

Erlenmeyer Flasks
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An Erlenmeyer flask is a type of laboratory flask with a conical base and cylindrical neck. The flask is named after its inventor, German chemist Emil Erlenmeyer, who made the first Erlenmeyer flask in 1861.

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Florence Flask

Florence Flask
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 A Florence flask or boiling flask is a round-bottom borosilicate glass container with thick walls, capable of withstanding temperature changes.

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Fume Hood

Fume hood
 Morsa Images/Getty Images

A fume hood or fume cupboard is a piece of laboratory equipment designed to limit exposure to dangerous fumes. The air inside the fume hood is either vented to the outside or else filtered and recirculated.

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Microwave Oven

MIcrowave oven
 Bill Diodato/Getty Images

 A microwave can be used to melt or heat many chemicals.

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Paper Chromatography

Chromatograph tank
Parts of a cromatograph tank: (1) Lid, (2) Paper, (3) Solvent front, (4) Solvent. Theresa Knott/CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikimedia Commons 
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Pipet or Pipette for Measuring Small Volumes

Pipette
Andrew Brookes/Getty Images 

 Pipets (pipettes) are used to measure and transfer small volumes. There are many different types of pipets. Examples of pipet types include disposable, reusable, autoclavable, and manual

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Graduated Cylinder

Graduated cylinder
 imagenavi/Getty Images
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Thermometer

Thermometer
 Tetra Images/Getty Images
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Vials

Phials
Glass vials also known as phials.  Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons
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Volumetric Flask

Volumetric flasks
 Image Source/Getty Images

Volumetric flasks are used to accurately prepare solutions for chemistry.

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Electronic Microscope

Electronic Microscope
 Jonathan Pow/Getty Images
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Funnel & Flasks

Glass Funnel and flask
GYRO PHOTOGRAPHY/Getty Images 
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Micropipette

Micropipette
 Fuse/Getty Images
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Sample Extraction

Multiple sampling
Andrew Brookes/Getty Images 
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Petri Dish

Petri Dish
 MirageC/Getty Images

 A Petri dish is a shallow cylindrical dish that has a lid. It is named after its inventor, German bacteriologist Julius Petri. Petri dishes are made of glass or plastic.​

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Pipette Bulb

Pipette bulb
 Paweena.S/CC BY-SA 4.0/Wikimedia Commons 

A pipette bulb is used to draw liquid up into a pipette.  

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Spectrophotometer

Spectrophotometer
BanksPhotos/Getty Images 

 A spectrophotometer is a device capable of measuring light intensity as a function of its wavelength. 

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Titration

Titration
 WLADIMIR BULGAR/Getty Images

The titration also known as titrimetry or volumetric analysis is a process used for accurately measuring volume.

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Example of a Chemistry Lab

Chemistry Laboratory
Chris Ryan/Getty Images 
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Galileo Thermometer

Galileo thermometer
 Adrienne Bresnahan/Getty Images

 A Galileo thermometer works using principles of buoyancy.

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Bunsen Burner Picture

Bunsen burner
 Maureen P Sullivan/Getty Images
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Chemostat Bioreactor

A chemostat is a type of bioreactor in which the chemical environment is held constant.
Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

A chemostat is a type of bioreactor in which the chemical environment is held constant (static) by removing effluent while adding culture medium. Ideally, the volume of the system is unchanged.​

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Gold Leaf Electroscope Diagram

Gold Leaf Electroscope
 Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

The gold leaf electroscope can detect static electricity. ​The charge on the metal cap passes into the stem and gold. The stem and the gold have the same electrical charge, so they repel each other, causing the gold foil to bend outward from the stem.

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Photoelectric Effect Diagram

Photoelectric
Wolfmankurd/CC-BY-SA-3.0/Wikimedia Commons 

The photoelectric effect occurs when matter emits electrons upon absorbing electromagnetic radiation, such as light.

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Gas Chromatograph Diagram

Gas Chromatograph Diagram
 Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

This is a generalized diagram of a gas chromatograph, an instrument used to separate the chemical components of a complex sample.

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Bomb Calorimeter

Bomb calorimeter
 Fz2012/CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikimedia Commons

A calorimeter is a device used to measure the heat change or heat capacity of chemical reactions or physical changes.

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Goethe Barometer

Goethe barometer
 Image courtesy of Amazon

 A 'Goethe barometer' or storm glass, a type of water-based barometer. The sealed body of the glass barometer is filled with water, while the narrow spout is open to the atmosphere. 

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Weights or Masses

Weights
Vladimir Godnik/Getty Images 
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Spring Weighing Scale

Spring scale
 Image courtesy of Amazon

A spring weighing scale is used to determine the weight of an object from the displacement of the spring.​

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Steel Ruler

Ruler
Alex Tihonovs/Getty Images  
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Thermometer with Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales

Thermometer
 Image courtesy of Amazon
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Desiccator and Vacuum Desiccator Glassware

A desiccator is sealed container which contains a desiccant to protect items from humidity.
Rifleman 82/CC-BY-SA-3.0/Wikimedia Commons

A desiccator is sealed container which holds a desiccant to protect items or chemicals from humidity.

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Microscope

Microscopy
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