Humanities › Languages How to Conjugate "Lancer" (to Throw) in French "Throw" These Verb Conjugations Into Your Vocabulary Share Flipboard Email Print Languages French Vocabulary Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated April 05, 2017 Similar to the English word "lance," the French verb lancer means "to throw." While that's easy enough to remember, you'll need to conjugate it to mean "throwing" or "threw." A quick lesson will demonstrate how to do that. If you want a second option of "to throw," study the verb jeter. Conjugating the French Verb Lancer Lancer is a spelling change verb, which makes things a little more difficult than normal. The change comes when the letter 'C' precedes either an 'A' or an 'O' in the infinitive endings. In these forms, the 'C' becomes a cedilla ç and this reminds us to retain the soft 'C' sound throughout the conjugations. If you keep an eye on that, then conjugating lancer is relatively simple. Just match the subject pronoun with the appropriate tense for the context. For example, "I am throwing" is "je lance" and "we will throw" is "nous lancerons." Practicing these in context will help you memorize them. Subject Present Future Imperfect je lance lancerai lançais tu lances lanceras lançais il lance lancera lançait nous lançons lancerons lancions vous lancez lancerez lanciez ils lancent lanceront lançaient The Present Participle of Lancer Used as either a verb, adjective, noun, or gerund, the present participle is quite useful. For lancer, the ç makes an appearance and we simply add -ant to the verb stem to form lançant. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The past tense of "threw" can be expressed with the imperfect or the passé composé. To form the latter, begin with a conjugate of the auxiliary verb avoir to match the subject pronoun, then attach the past participle lancé. For example, "I threw" is "j'ai lancé" and "we threw" is "nous avons lancé." More Simple Lancer Conjugations to Learn At first, the focus of your studies should be the forms of lancer we've discussed. Yet, you might also find some other forms helpful. For instance, the subjunctive and the conditional are both verb "moods." Each implies that the act of throwing is not guaranteed. Likewise, if you read a lot of French, knowing the literary tenses of the passé simple and imperfect subjunctive will be useful. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je lance lancerais lançai lançasse tu lances lancerais lanças lançasses il lance lancerait lança lançât nous lancions lancerions lançâmes lançassions vous lanciez lanceriez lançâtes lançassiez ils lancent lanceraient lancèrent lançassent When using lancer in assertive and short commands or requests, turn to the imperative form. For this, the subject pronoun is not required, so "lance" is used instead of "tu lance." Imperative (tu) lance (nous) lançons (vous) lancez Continue Reading This Lesson "Contributes" to Your French Conjugations "Teach" Yourself How to Conjugate "Enseigner" Have "Hope" That You'll Learn How to Conjugate "Espérer" This French Verb Conjugation Is Not Too "Confusing" Don't Let Conjugating "Fâcher" Make You "Angry" "Include" the Verb "Inclure" in Your French Vocabulary "Spend" Some Time Learning to Conjugate "Dépenser" in French A Quick Lesson "Explains" How to Conjugate "Expliquer" How Do You Conjugate "Décrire" (to Describe) in French? "Concentrate" on the French Conjugation of "Concentrer" "Advance" Your French Studies With Conjugations of "Avancer" Learn How to Say "Confided" or "Confiding" in French You're Going to "Conquer" This French Verb Conjugation "Dress" Up Your French With "Habiller" "Convertir" Is an Easy French Verb to Conjugate (or "Convert") Let's "Chat" About Conjugating "Bavarder"