Latin Irregular Verbs

Conjugations of the Irregular Verbs in Latin

Close-up of hand writing in notebook
Yuri Nunes/EyeEm/Getty Images

Latin is a highly inflected language, which means that its words change to show the relationship to other words in the sentence. Like English, the verbs in Latin are conjugated to reflect the subject of action as well as the time the action occurred. (Unlike English nouns, Latin nouns also subject to change; this is called declension.) Verbs are regular when they conform to the four conjugations. There are also deponent verbs that are active in meaning while passive in form, but these, as well as semi-deponent verbs, are conjugated according to general rules.

Then, there are also the irregular verbs.

In short, irregular verbs throw all patterns out the window. But it's not too hard to memorize them because these Latin words include verbs for being and eating—the necessities of life. Latin readers will encounter these irregulars all the time.

Below are the most common of the irregular verbs in Latin. Compound forms will follow the same pattern as the root irregular verb.

  • Eo - to go
    compounds: abeo, adeo, circumeo, exeo, ineo, intereo, obeo, pereo, praetereo, redeo, subeo, transeo, veneo
  • Fio - to become
  • Volo - to wish
    nolo, nolle, nolui: "to be unwilling" and malo, malle, malui: "to prefer" are similar.
  • Sum - to be
    compounds: adsum, desum, insum, intersum, praesum, obsum, prosum, subsum, supersum
  • Do - to give
  • Fero - to carry
    compounds: affero, aufero, confero, differo, effero, infero, offero, refero
  • Edo - to eat
Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Gill, N.S. "Latin Irregular Verbs." ThoughtCo, Feb. 20, 2017, thoughtco.com/latin-irregular-verbs-119234. Gill, N.S. (2017, February 20). Latin Irregular Verbs. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/latin-irregular-verbs-119234 Gill, N.S. "Latin Irregular Verbs." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/latin-irregular-verbs-119234 (accessed November 24, 2017).