Humanities › History & Culture Latin 3rd Conjugation Verb Paradigm Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Ancient History and Culture Ancient Languages Figures & Events Greece Egypt Asia Rome Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More by N.S. Gill N.S. Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer. She has a master's degree in linguistics and is a former Latin teacher. Updated March 22, 2019 Third conjugation verbs end in -ere in the infinitive (the second principal part). In the third conjugation, a three-syllable infinitive stresses the first syllable. Our model Latin third conjugation verb below is gero, so its second principal part would be pronounced GE'reh-reh, where the "g" is hard, as in "get". [See Latin Discussion.] Distinguishing 3rd Conjugation Verbs From Other Conjugations Like the third declension, the third conjugation seems to have more than its share of different types, since it actually has a subtype, the -io verbs. It may also seem hard to distinguish verbs of the third conjugation from other conjugations. If this is something you have problems with, please read the following; otherwise, skip to the paradigm. The other conjugation with an -ere as the second principal part is actually different because it has a long -e that you may see marked with a macron (—). The second conjugation syllable with a long -e is stressed. If you see the complete paradigm, you can tell a second from a third conjugation because the future has a -b-, just like the imperfect. Third conjugation verbs do not have a "-b-" in the future. You need to pay attention to the differences between the future indicative and the present subjunctive. If you want to know whether a verb is in the third conjugation, you can look at the first two principal parts. The conjugations in the running are the second and fourth, but the first principal part distinguishes the second conjugation from the third, and the second principal part distinguishes the fourth conjugation from the third conjugation -io subtype of verbs. Endings for the four Latin conjugations shown with macrons: 1st: -o, -āre | 2nd: -eo, -ēre | 3rd: -o, -ere / -io, -ere | 4th: -io, īre The Paradigm of Gero With Notes Principal parts for the 3rd conjugation verb gerere, to manage gero, gerere, gessi, gestus. Infinitives Active Voice Present - gererePerfect - gessisseFuture - gesturus esse Passive Voice See conjugation of sum for use with the passive. Present - geriPerfect - gestus esseFuture - gestum iri Participles Active Present - gerensFuture - gesturus Passive Voice Perfect - gestusFuture - gerendus Active Voice and Indicative Mood Present Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gero gerimus 2 geris geritis 3 gerit gerunt Imperfect Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gerebam gerebamus 2 gerebas gerebatis 3 gerebat gerebant Future Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 geram geremus 2 geres geretis 3 geret gerent Perfect Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gessi gessimus 2 gessisti gessistis 3 gessit gesserunt Pluperfect Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gesseram gesseramus 2 gesseras gesseratis 3 gesserat gesserant Future Perfect Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gessero gesserimus 2 gesseris gesseritis 3 gesserit gesserint Passive Voice and Indicative Mood Present Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 geror gerimur 2 gereris gerimini 3 geritur geruntur Imperfect Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gerebar gerebamur 2 gerebaris gerebamini 3 gerebatur gerebantur Future Tense, Passive Voice, Indicative Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gerar geremur 2 gereris geremini 3 geretur gerentur The perfect tense is a tense showing completed action. That is the meaning of "perfect" in terms of tenses. Imperfect means incomplete. A future perfect is an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. Perfect - gestus sum etc.Pluperfect - gestus eram etc.Future Perfect -gestus ero etc. Active Voice and Subjunctive Mood Present Tense, Active Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 geram geramus 2 geras geratis 3 gerat gerant Imperfect Tense, Active Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gererem gereremus 2 gereres gereretis 3 gereret gererent Perfect Tense, Active Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gesserim gesserimus 2 gesseris gesseritis 3 gesserit gesserint Pluperfect Tense, Active Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gessissem gessissemus 2 gessisses gessissetis 3 gessisset gessissent Passive Voice and Subjunctive Mood Present Tense, Passive Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gerar geramur 2 geraris geramini 3 geratur gerantur Imperfect Tense, Passive Voice, Subjunctive Mood Person SINGULAR PLURAL 1 gererer gereremur 2 gerereris gereremini 3 gereretur gererentur Perfect Tense, Passive Voice, Subjunctive Mood — gestus sim Pluperfect Tense, Passive Voice, Subjunctive Mood — gestus essem Active Voice and Imperative Mood Present Tense 2d person - gere gerite Future Tense 2d person - gerito geritote3d person - gerito gerunto Passive Voice and Imperative Mood Present Tense 2d person - gerere gerimini Future Tense 2d person - geritor3d person - geritor geruntor Continue Reading Spanish Verb Mostrar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples Where's the Action in Latin Verbs? 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