Latin Verbs Endings

Verb Endings in the Indicative Mood

Latin has different endings for the 3 persons singular and the 3 person plural. The standard order for a paradigm for verbs progresses from 1st to 2nd to 3rd person in a column, starting with the singular. The plural is often in a second column to the right of the singulars, but on this page, it is below the singulars.

There is a separate ending for a singular you and a plural you -- think, "you all".

Both are 2nd person. The 3rd person singular default subject is "he", but a 3rd person can also be used for a female or a neuter subject.

  1. First person=I or we
  2. Second person=you
  3. Third person=he (she or it) and they.
  • The singulars=I, you singular, and he (she or it).
  • The plurals=we, you plural, and they.

Verbs can be active, with the subject the agent of the act (e.g., laudo=I praise) or they can be passive, with the subject acted upon (e.g., amatur=he is loved).

Active Singular Endings

  1. -o, -m
  2. -s
  3. -t

Active Plural

  1. -mus
  2. -tis
  3. -nt

Passive Singular

  1. -or, -r
  2. -ris
  3. -tur

Passive Plural

  1. -mur
  2. -mini
  3. -ntur

Perfect Active Endings

Singular

  1. -i
  2. -isti
  3. -it

Plural

  1. -imus
  2. -istis
  3. -erunt

Pluperfect Active Endings

Singular

  1. -eram
  2. -eras
  3. -erat

Plural

  1. -eramus
  2. -eratis
  3. -erant

Future Perfect Active Endings

Singular

  1. -ero
  2. -eris
  3. -erit

Plural

  1. -erimus
  2. -eritis
  3. -erint

See:

  • Paradigm of a 4th Conjugation Regular Verb

Index of Quick Tips on Latin Verbs