Lesson Plan Step #8 - Assessment and Follow-Up

Measuring Whether Students Have Met the Learning Objectives

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An 8-step lesson plan is not complete without the final step of Assessment. This is where you assess the final outcome of the lesson and to what extent the learning objectives were achieved.

How to Assess Learning Goals

Learning goals can be assessed through quizzes, tests, independently performed worksheets, cooperative learning activities, hands-on experiments, oral discussion, question-and-answer sessions, or other concrete means.

Most importantly, ensure that the Assessment activity is directly and explicitly tied to the stated learning objectives you developed in step one of the lesson plan. In the learning objective section, you specified what students would accomplish and how well they would have to be able to perform a task in order to consider the lesson satisfactorily accomplished. The goals also had to fit within your district or state educational standards for the grade level.

Follow-Up: Using the Results of the Assessment

Once the students have completed the given assessment activity, you must take some time to reflect upon the results. If the learning objectives were not adequately achieved, you will need to revisit the lesson in a different manner. Either you will need to teach the lesson again or you'll need to clear up areas that confused several of the students.

Whether or not most students showed understanding of the material, based on the assessment, you should note how well students learned different parts of the lesson.

This will allow you to modify the lesson plan in the future, clarifying or spending more time on areas where the assessments showed the students were weakest.

Student performance informs future lessons and where you will take your students next. If the assessment showed the students fully grasped the topic, you may want to proceed immediately to more advanced lessons.

If understanding was moderate, you may want to take it slower.

Examples of Types of Assessments

  • Quiz: a short series of questions with right and wrong answers that may not count towards a grade.
  • Test: a longer or more in-depth series of questions that probes for more understanding of the topic and may count towards a grade.
  • Class discussion: rather than a quiz or test that is scored, a discussion helps identify understanding.
  • Hands-on experiment: Where the subject matter is appropriate, the students apply the lesson to an experiment and record the outcomes.
  • Worksheet: Students fill out a worksheet, especially for math or vocabulary lessons, but it also could be developed for many topics.
  • Cooperative Learning activities: Students work in a group to solve a problem or have a structured discussion.
  • Illustrations or Graphic Organizers: These can include Venn diagrams, K-W-L (Know, Want to Know, Learned) charts, flow charts, pie charts, concept maps, character traits, cause/effect diagrams, spider web, cloud chart,T-chart, Y-chart, semantic feature analysis,fact/opinion chart, star chart, cycle chart, and other appropriate graphic organizers. Often the subject will determine which works best as an assessment tool.