Greek Alphabet

Upper and Lower Case Letters of the Greek Alphabet

Alphabets
The Phoenician alphabet, branching up to Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, and Arabic, and down to Greek, Latin and Cyrillic. CC Flickr User Quinn Dombrowski

The Greek alphabet has three forms for the voiceless alveolar sibilant letter -- SIGMA, two lower case, and one capitalized. The second lower case SIGMA is only used at the end of the word. The letters belo are not in our alphabetical order. If you want to know how the Greek alphabet acquired this particular order, please read the "Alphabet Order" section of The Development of the Greek Alphabet.

Why You Should Know the Greek Alphabet

  • Even if you never plan to learn Greek, there are good reasons to familiarize yourself with the alphabet. Mathematics and Science use Greek letters like PI (π) to complement the numeric symbols. That same SIGMA in its capital form, can stand for "sum," while the letter DELTA can mean "change."

  • Some books in English are numbered using the letters of the Greek alphabet. Sometimes, both lower case and capitals are employed for simplification. Thus, you may find that the books of the Iliad are written Α to Ω and those of the Odyssey, α to ω.

 

Upper CaseLower CaseLetter Name
Ααalpha
Ββbeta
Γγgamma
Δδdelta
Εεepsilon
Ζζzeta
Ηηeta
Θθtheta
Ιιiota
Κκkappa
Λλlamda
Μμmu
Ννnu
Ξξxi
Οοomicron
Ππpi
Ρρrho
Σσ,ςsigma
Ττtau
Υυupsilon
Φφphi
Χχchi
Ψψpsi
Ωωomega