Metal Alloys From A to Z

Alphabetical and Grouped According to Base Metal

Blending copper and tin to produce a distortion free mirror in India

Chris Griffiths / Getty Images

An alloy is a material made by melting one or more metals together with other elements. This is an alphabetical list of alloys grouped according to base metal. Some alloys are listed under more than one element, since the composition of the alloy may vary such that one element is present in a higher concentration than the others.

Aluminum Alloys

  • AA-8000: used for building wire
  • Al-Li (aluminum, lithium, sometimes mercury)
  • Alnico (aluminum, nickel, copper)
  • Duralumin (copper, aluminum)
  • Magnalium (aluminum, 5% magnesium)
  • Magnox (magnesium oxide, aluminum)
  • Nambe (aluminum plus seven other unspecified metals)
  • Silumin (aluminum, silicon)
  • Zamak (zinc, aluminum, magnesium, copper)
  • Aluminum forms other complex alloys with magnesium, manganese, and platinum.

Bismuth Alloys

  • Wood's metal (bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium)
  • Rose metal (bismuth, lead, tin)
  • Field's metal
  • Cerrobend

Cobalt Alloys

  • Megallium
  • Stellite (cobalt, chromium, tungsten or molybdenum, carbon)
  • Talonite (cobalt, chromium)
  • Ultimet (cobalt, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, iron, tungsten)
  • Vitallium

Copper Alloys

  • Arsenical copper
  • Beryllium copper (copper, beryllium)
  • Billon (copper, silver)
  • Brass (copper, zinc)
  • Calamine brass (copper, zinc)
  • Chinese silver (copper, zinc)
  • Dutch metal (copper, zinc)
  • Gilding metal (copper, zinc)
  • Muntz metal (copper, zinc)
  • Pinchbeck (copper, zinc)
  • Prince's metal (copper, zinc)
  • Tombac (copper, zinc)
  • Bronze (copper, tin, aluminum, or any other element)
  • Aluminum bronze (copper, aluminum)
  • Arsenical bronze (copper, arsenic)
  • Bell metal (copper, tin)
  • Florentine bronze (copper, aluminum, or tin)
  • Glucydur (beryllium, copper, iron)
  • Guani­n (likely a manganese bronze of copper and manganese with iron sulfides and other sulfides)
  • Gunmetal (copper, tin, zinc)
  • Phosphor bronze (copper, tin, phosphorus)
  • Ormolu (Gilt Bronze) (copper, zinc)
  • Speculum metal (copper, tin)
  • Constantan (copper, nickel)
  • Copper-tungsten (copper, tungsten)
  • Corinthian bronze (copper, gold, silver)
  • Cunife (copper, nickel, iron)
  • Cupronickel (copper, nickel)
  • Cymbal alloys (Bell metal) (copper, tin)
  • Devarda's alloy (copper, aluminum, zinc)
  • Electrum (copper, gold, silver)
  • Hepatizon (copper, gold, silver)
  • Heusler alloy (copper, manganese, tin)
  • Manganin (copper, manganese, nickel)
  • Nickel silver (copper, nickel)
  • Nordic gold (copper, aluminum, zinc, tin)
  • Shakudo (copper, gold)
  • Tumbaga (copper, gold)

Gallium Alloys

  • Galinstan (gallium, indium, tin)

Gold Alloys

  • Electrum (gold, silver, copper)
  • Tumbaga (gold, copper)
  • Rose gold (gold, copper)
  • White gold (gold, nickel, palladium, or platinum)

Indium Alloys

  • Field's metal (indium, bismuth, tin)

Iron or Ferrous Alloys

  • Steel (carbon)
  • Stainless steel (chromium, nickel)
  • AL-6XN
  • Alloy 20
  • Celestrium
  • Marine-grade stainless
  • Martensitic stainless steel
  • Surgical stainless steel (chromium, molybdenum, nickel)
  • Silicon steel (silicon)
  • Tool steel (tungsten or manganese)
  • Bulat steel
  • Chromoly (chromium, molybdenum)
  • Crucible steel
  • Damascus steel
  • HSLA steel
  • High-speed steel
  • Maraging steel
  • Reynolds 531
  • Wootz steel
  • Iron
  • Anthracite iron (carbon)
  • Cast iron (carbon)
  • Pig iron (carbon)
  • Wrought iron (carbon)
  • Fernico (nickel, cobalt)
  • Elinvar (nickel, chromium)
  • Invar (nickel)
  • Kovar (cobalt)
  • Spiegeleisen (manganese, carbon, silicon)
  • Ferroalloys
  • Ferroboron
  • Ferrochrome (chromium)
  • Ferromagnesium
  • Ferromanganese
  • Ferromolybdenum
  • Ferronickel
  • Ferrophosphorus
  • Ferrotitanium
  • Ferrovanadium
  • Ferrosilicon

Lead Alloys

  • Antimonial lead (lead, antimony)
  • Molybdochalkos (lead, copper)
  • Solder (lead, tin)
  • Terne (lead, tin)
  • Type metal (lead, tin, antimony)

Magnesium Alloys

  • Magnox (magnesium, aluminum)
  • T-Mg-Al-Zn (Bergman phase)
  • Elektron

Mercury Alloys

  • Amalgam (mercury with just about any metal except platinum)

Nickel Alloys

  • Alumel (nickel, manganese, aluminum, silicon)
  • Chromel (nickel, chromium)
  • Cupronickel (nickel, bronze, copper)
  • German silver (nickel, copper, zinc)
  • Hastelloy (nickel, molybdenum, chromium, sometimes tungsten)
  • Inconel (nickel, chromium, iron)
  • Monel metal (copper, nickel, iron, manganese)
  • Mu-metal (nickel, iron)
  • Ni-C (nickel, carbon)
  • Nichrome (chromium, iron, nickel)
  • Nicrosil (nickel, chromium, silicon, magnesium)
  • Nisil (nickel, silicon)
  • Nitinol (nickel, titanium, shape memory alloy)

Potassium Alloys

  • KLi (potassium, lithium)
  • NaK (sodium, potassium)

Rare Earth Alloys

  • Mischmetal (various rare earths)

Silver Alloys

  • Argentium sterling silver (silver, copper, germanium)
  • Billon (copper or copper bronze, sometimes with silver)
  • Britannia silver (silver, copper)
  • Electrum (silver, gold)
  • Goloid (silver, copper, gold)
  • Platinum sterling (silver, platinum)
  • Shibuichi (silver, copper)
  • Sterling silver (silver, copper)

Tin Alloys

  • Britannium (tin, copper, antimony)
  • Pewter (tin, lead, copper)
  • Solder (tin, lead, antimony)

Titanium Alloys

  • Beta C (titanium, vanadium, chromium, other metals)
  • 6al-4v (titanium, aluminum, vanadium)

Uranium Alloys

  • Staballoy (depleted uranium with titanium or molybdenum)
  • Uranium may also be alloyed with plutonium

Zinc Alloys

  • Brass (zinc, copper)
  • Zamak (zinc, aluminum, magnesium, copper)

Zirconium Alloys

  • Zircaloy (zirconium, tin, sometimes with niobium, chromium, iron, nickel)
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Your Citation
Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Metal Alloys From A to Z." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2023, April 5). Metal Alloys From A to Z. Retrieved from Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Metal Alloys From A to Z." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 6, 2023).