What Are the Countries that Make up the Arab States?

List of the Countries Making up the Arab World

Cars drive on a bridge crossing the Nile River on February 9, 2006 in Central Cairo, Egypt. Cairo is still the heart of Egypt and is allegorically called "the Mother of World"
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The Arab world is considered an area of the world that encompasses the region from the Atlantic Ocean near northern Africa east to the Arabian Sea. Its northern boundary is at the Mediterranean Sea, while the southern portion extends to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean (map). In general, this area is tied together as a region because all of the countries within it are Arabic-speaking. Some of the countries list Arabic as their only official language, while others speak it, in addition to other languages.

UNESCO identifies 21 Arab states, while Wikipedia lists 23 Arab states. In addition, the Arab League is a regional organization of these states that was formed in 1945. It currently has 22 members. The following is a list of those nations arranged in alphabetical order. For reference, the country's population and language have been included. In addition, those with an asterisk (*) are listed by UNESCO as Arab states, while those with (1) are members of the Arab League. All population numbers were obtained from the CIA World Factbook and are from July 2010.

1) Algeria*
Population: 34,586,184
Official Language: Arabic

2) Bahrain*1
Population: 738,004
Official Language: Arabic

3) Comoros
Population: 773,407
Official Languages: Arabic and French

4) Djibouti*
Population: 740,528
Official Languages: Arabic and French

5) Egypt*1
Population: 80,471,869
Official Language: Arabic

6) Iraq*1
Population: 29,671,605
Official Languages: Arabic and Kurdish (only in Kurdish regions)

7) Jordan*1
Population: 6,407,085
Official Language: Arabic

8) Kuwait*
Population: 2,789,132
Official Language: Arabic

9) Lebanon*1
Population: 4,125,247
Official Language: Arabic

10) Libya*
Population: 6,461,454
Official Language: Arabic

11) Malta*
Population: 406,771
Official Language: Maltese and English

12) Mauritania*
Population: 3,205,060
Official Language: Arabic

13) Morocco*1
Population: 31,627,428
Official Language: Arabic

14) Oman*
Population: 2,967,717
Official Language: Arabic

15) Qatar*
Population: 840,926
Official Language: Arabic

16) Saudi Arabia*
Population: 25,731,776
Official Language: Arabic

17) Somalia*
Population: 10,112,453
Official Language: Somali

18) Sudan*1
Population: 43,939,598
Official Language: Arabic and English

19) Syria*
Population: 22,198,110
Official Language: Arabic

20) Tunisia*1
Population: 10,589,025
Official Language: Arabic and French

21) United Arab Emirates*1
Population: 4,975,593
Official Language: Arabic

22) Western Sahara
Population: 491,519
Official Languages: Hassaniya Arabic and Moroccan Arabic

23) Yemen*1
Population: 23,495,361
Official Language: Arabic

Note: Wikipedia also lists the Palestinian Authority, an administrative organization which governs parts of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, as an Arab state.

However, since it is not an actual state, it has not been included on this list. In addition, the State of Palestine is a member of the Arab League.

UNESCO. (n.d.). Arab States - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/worldwide/arab-states/​

Wikipedia.org. (25 January 2011). Arab World - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_world

Wikipedia.org. (24 January 2011). Member States of the Arab League- Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Member_states_of_the_Arab_League