List of the Strong Acids

7 Strong Acids To Know

Sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid is one of the strong acids. Laguna Designs / Getty Images

These are the strong acids. What makes them 'strong' is that they completely dissociate into their ions (H+ and an anion) when they are mixed with water. Any other acid is a weak acid. There are only seven strong acids, so you might want to commit the list of strong acids to memory. Note some instructors may ask for the 6 strong acids. That typically refers to the first 6 acids on this list.

HCl - hydrochloric acid

HNO3 - nitric acid

H2SO4 - sulfuric acid

HBr - hydrobromic acid

HI - hydroiodic acid (also known as hydriodic acid)

HClO4 - perchloric acid

HClO3 - chloric acid

As the strong acids become more concentrated, they may be unable to fully dissociate. The rule of thumb is that a strong acid is 100% dissociated in solutions of 1.0 M or less.