# How to Ace the LSAT Logical Reasoning Section

The Logical Reasoning portion of the LSAT is comprised of two 35-minute sections (24-26 questions per section). Logical reasoning questions are designed to test your ability to examine, analyze and evaluate arguments. The arguments are drawn from many different sources and don’t require any knowledge of law, but they do test legal reasoning ability. Each question consists of a short passage followed by a multiple-choice question. Questions are presented in order of difficulty, from easiest to hardest. Your logical reasoning score accounts for roughly half of your total LSAT score.

## Logical Reasoning Question Types

Logical reasoning questions test your ability to recognize parts of arguments, find similarities in patterns of reasoning, draw well-supported conclusions, recognize flawed reasoning, and determine how additional information would strengthen or weaken an argument. There are roughly 12 question types in the logical reasoning section. They are: Flaws, Method of Argument, Main Conclusion, Necessary and Sufficient Assumptions, Role of Statement, Parallel, Inference, Strengthen, Point at Issue, Principle (Stimulus/Answer), Weaken, Paradox, and Evaluate the Argument.

Of those question types, the most common are Flaws, Necessary Assumptions, Inferences, and Strengthen/Weaken questions. Learning and understanding these types is key to getting a high score on this section.

For strengthen/weaken questions, you'll have to determine what type of reasoning the argument is using and pick the answer that either supports or hurts the argument. For draw a conclusion questions, you must choose the answer that is supported by the author’s premises. Inference questions are usually only concerned about one or two pieces of the information provided. Necessary assumption questions require you to choose an answer that states a premise the author assumes to be true but doesn't directly say. Usually, the correct answer to this question type links new information in the conclusion back to the stated premises.

## Strategies for a High Score

### Understand the Argument

The most important part of the logical reasoning section is the argument passage (or "stimulus"). You must read and fully understand the argument before looking at the answers choices. Remember, 80% of the answer choices are wrong and 100% of them are meant to confuse you in some way, so going straight to the answers will cause you to lose time. As you read the argument passage, focus on identifying the argument's reasoning and conclusion. If you do so, you're more likely to get to a correct answer, and you'll save a lot of time along the way.

Prephrasing means predicting the answer. Almost all of the answers in the logical reasoning section can be predicted. Prephrasing saves time and helps you get the correct answer. If your prephrased answer doesn’t match any of the choices then you may not have understood the argument correctly. To accurately prephrase, you should first identify the conclusion and reasoning, read the argument again, and then think about why the argument could be wrong. Of course prephrasing isn’t always going to work for you. There are multiple flaws in arguments and different ways to describe them, so if your prephrased answer isn’t helping you in a particular instance, then just consider the answer choices based on what you know from the argument.

### Skip Questions and Come Back

Because the section is timed, you don’t want to waste valuable time getting stuck on one question. It’s better to skip it and then come back at the end. If you spend too much time trying to figure out one question, you’ll end up taking time away from the rest of the test. Focusing on one question can also get your brain stuck on a wrong view of the argument, in which case you’ll never get the right answer. By moving on, you let your brain reset so it can thinkabout in a new way when you return to it. If you skip the question, there’s a chance you won’t be able to come back to it but you’ll only be sacrificing one point rather than the number of points you could miss from other easier questions.