Humanities › History & Culture Top 100 Inventions Made in Canada Share Flipboard Email Print Lisa Stokes/Getty Images History & Culture Inventions Famous Inventions Famous Inventors Patents & Trademarks Invention Timelines Computers & The Internet American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More Table of Contents Expand Top Canadian Inventions Sports Medicine and Science Transportation Communication/Entertainment Manufacturing and Agriculture Household and Everyday Life Are You a Canadian Inventor? By Mary Bellis Mary Bellis Inventions Expert Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. Learn about our Editorial Process Updated on February 28, 2020 Canadian inventors have patented more than one million inventions. Let's take a look at some of the top inventions brought to us by those from Canada, including natural-born citizens, residents, companies, or organizations based there. According to Canadian author Roy Mayer in his book "Inventing Canada: 100 Years of Innovation": "Our innovators have given novelty, variety, and color to our lives with their great practical gifts, and the world would be an exceedingly boring and grey place without their vitality." Some of the following inventions were funded by the National Research Council of Canada, which has been an important factor in innovation and technological advancement in the country. Top Canadian Inventions From AC radio tubes to zippers, these accomplishments are in the areas of sports, medicine and science, communications, entertainment, agriculture, manufacturing, and day-to-day necessities. Sports Invention Description 5 Pin Bowling A Canadian sport invented by T.E. Ryan of Toronto in 1909 Basketball Invented by Canada-born James Naismith in 1891 Goalie Mask Invented by professional hockey goal tender Jacques Plante in 1960 Lacrosse Codified by William George Beers around 1860 Ice Hockey Invented in 19th-century Canada Medicine and Science Invention Description Able Walker The walker to help disabled people's mobility was patented by Norm Rolston in 1986 Access Bar Patented food bar designed to help burn fat by Dr. Larry Wang Abdominizer The infomercial exercise darling invented by Dennis Colonello in 1984 Acetylene Thomas L. Wilson invented the production process in 1892 Acetylene Gas Buoy Navigational tool for lighthouses, invented by Thomas L. Wilson in 1904 Analytical Plotter 3D map-making system invented by Uno Vilho Helava in 1957 Bone Marrow Compatibility Test Invented by Barbara Bain in 1960 Bromine A process to extract bromine was invented by Herbert Henry Dow in 1890 Calcium Carbide Thomas Leopold Willson invented a process for calcium carbide in 1892 Electron Microscope Eli Franklin Burton, Cecil Hall, James Hillier, and Albert Prebus co-invented the electron microscope in 1937 Cardiac Pacemaker Invented by Dr. John A. Hopps in 1950 Insulin Process Frederick Banting, J.J.R. Macleod, Charles Best, and James Collip invented the process for insulin in 1922 Java Programming Language A software programming language invented by James Gosling in 1994 Kerosene Invented by Dr. Abraham Gesner in 1846 The Process to Extract Helium from Natural Gas Invented by Sir John Cunningham McLennan in 1915 Prosthetic Hand An electric prosthetic invented by Helmut Lucas in 1971 Silicon Chip Blood Analyzer Invented by Imants Lauks in 1986 Synthetic Sucrose Invented by Dr. Raymond Lemieux in 1953 Transportation Invention Description Air-Conditioned Railway Coach Invented by Henry Ruttan in 1858 Andromonon Three-wheeled vehicle invented in 1851 by Thomas Turnbull Automatic Foghorn The first steam foghorn was invented by Robert Foulis in 1859 Antigravity Suit Invented by Wilbur Rounding Franks in 1941, a suit for high-altitude jet pilots Compound Steam Engine Invented by Benjamin Franklin Tibbetts in 1842 CPR Mannequin Invented by Dianne Croteau in 1989 Electric Car Heater Thomas Ahearn invented the first electric car heater in 1890 Electric Streetcar John Joseph Wright invented an electric streetcar in 1883 Electric Wheelchair George Klein of Hamilton, Ontario, invented the first electric wheelchair for World War II veterans Hydrofoil Boat Co-invented by Alexander Graham Bell and Casey Baldwin in 1908 Jetliner The first commercial jetliner to fly in North America was designed by James Floyd in 1949. The first test flight of the Avro Jetliner was on August 10, 1949. Odometer Invented by Samuel McKeen in 1854 R-Theta Navigation System Invented to enable polar coordinate aviation navigation by J.E.G. Wright in 1958 Railway Car Brake Invented by George B. Dorey in 1913 Railway Sleeper Car Invented by Samuel Sharp in 1857 Rotary Railroad Snowplow Invented by J.E. Elliott in 1869 Screw Propeller Ship's propeller invented by John Patch in 1833 Snowmobile Invented by Joseph-Armand Bombardier in 1958 Variable Pitch Aircraft Propeller Invented by Walter Rupert Turnbull in 1922 Communication/Entertainment Invention Description AC Radio Tube Invented by Edward Samuels Rogers in 1925 Automatic Postal Sorter In 1957, Maurice Levy invented a postal sorter that could handle 200,000 letters an hour Computerized Braille Invented by Roland Galarneau in 1972 Creed Telegraph System Fredrick Creed invented a way to convert Morse Code to text in 1900 Electric Organ Morse Robb of Belleville, Ontario, patented the world's first electric organ in 1928 Fathometer An early form of sonar invented by Reginald A. Fessenden in 1919 Film Colorization Invented by Wilson Markle in 1983 Gramophone Co-invented by Alexander Graham Bell and Emile Berliner in 1889 Imax Movie System Co-invented in 1968 by Grahame Ferguson, Roman Kroitor, and Robert Kerr Music Synthesizer Invented by Hugh Le Caine in 1945 Newsprint Invented by Charles Fenerty in 1838 Pager Invented by Alfred J. Gross in 1949 Portable Film Developing System Invented by Arthur Williams McCurdy in 1890, but he sold the patent to George Eastman in 1903 Quartz Clock Warren Marrison developed the first quartz clock Radio-Transmitted Voice Made possible by the invention of Reginald A. Fessenden in 1904 Standard Time Invented by Sir Sanford Fleming in 1878 Stereo-Orthography Map Making System Invented by T.J. Blachut, Stanley Collins in 1965 Television System Reginald A. Fessenden patented a television system in 1927 Television Camera Invented by F.C.P. Henroteau in 1934 Telephone Invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell Telephone Handset Invented by Cyril Duquet in 1878 Tone-to-Pulse Converter Invented by Michael Cowpland in 1974, to use rotary phones in modern button phone systems. Undersea Telegraph Cable Invented by Fredrick Newton Gisborne in 1857 Walkie-Talkies Invented by Donald L. Hings in 1942 Wireless Radio Invented by Reginald A. Fessenden in 1900 Wirephoto Edward Samuels Rogers invented the first way to transmit pictures by telegraph, telephone, or radio in 1925 Manufacturing and Agriculture Invention Description Automatic Machinery Lubricator One of the many inventions of Elijah McCoy Agrifoam Crop Cold Protector Co-invented in 1967 by D. Siminovitch & J.W. Butler Canola Developed from natural rapeseed by NRC personnel in the 1970s. Half-Tone Engraving Co-invented by Georges Edouard Desbarats and William Augustus Leggo in 1869 Marquis Wheat The cultivar of wheat used worldwide and invented by Sir Charles E. Saunders in 1908 McIntosh Apple Discovered by John McIntosh in 1796 Peanut Butter An early form of peanut butter was first patented by Marcellus Gilmore Edson in 1884 Plexiglas Polymerized methyl methacrylate invented by William Chalmers in 1931 Potato Digger Invented by Alexander Anderson in 1856 Robertson Screw Invented by Peter L. Robertson in 1908 Rotary Blow Molding Machine Plastic bottle maker invented by Gustave Côté in 1966 SlickLicker Made for cleaning oil spills and patented by Richard Sewell in 1970 Superphosphate Fertilizer Invented by Thomas L. Wilson in 1896 UV-degradable Plastics Invented by Dr. James Guillet in 1971 Yukon Gold Potato Developed by Gary R. Johnston in 1966 Household and Everyday Life Invention Description Canada Dry Ginger Ale Invented in 1907 by John A. McLaughlin Chocolate Nut Bar Arthur Ganong made the first nickel bar in 1910 Electric Cooking Range Thomas Ahearn invented the first in 1882 Electric Lightbulb Henry Woodward invented the electric lightbulb in 1874 and sold the patent to Thomas Edison Garbage Bag (polyethylene) Invented by Harry Wasylyk in 1950 Green Ink Currency ink invented by Thomas Sterry Hunt in 1862 Instant Mashed Potatoes Dehydrated potato flakes were invented by Edward A. Asselbergs in 1962 Jolly Jumper Baby bouncer for prewalking babies invented by Olivia Poole in 1959 Lawn Sprinkler Another invention made by Elijah McCoy Lightbulb Leads Leads made of nickel and iron alloy were invented by Reginald A. Fessenden in 1892 Paint Roller Invented by Norman Breakey of Toronto in 1940 Polypump Liquid Dispenser Harold Humphrey made pumpable liquid hand soap possible in 1972 Rubber Shoe Heels Elijah McCoy patented an important improvement to rubber heels in 1879 Safety Paint A high-reflectivity paint invented by Neil Harpham in 1974 Snowblower Invented by Arthur Sicard in 1925 Trivial Pursuit Invented in 1979 by Chris Haney and Scott Abbott Tuck-Away-Handle Beer Carton Invented by Steve Pasjac in 1957 Zipper Invented by Gideon Sundback in 1913 Are You a Canadian Inventor? Were you born in Canada, are you a Canadian citizen, or are you a professional living in Canada? Do you have an idea you think may be a moneymaker and you do not know how to proceed? There are a number of ways to find Canadian funding, innovation information, research money, grants, awards, venture capital, Canadian inventor support groups, and the Canadian government patent offices. A good place to start is the Canadian Intellectual Property Office. Sources: Carleton University, Science Technology CentreCanadian Patent OfficeNational Capitol CommissionMayer, Roy. "Inventing Canada: 100 Years of Innovation." Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1997. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Bellis, Mary. "Top 100 Inventions Made in Canada." ThoughtCo, Jul. 31, 2021, thoughtco.com/made-in-canada-1991456. Bellis, Mary. (2021, July 31). Top 100 Inventions Made in Canada. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/made-in-canada-1991456 Bellis, Mary. "Top 100 Inventions Made in Canada." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/made-in-canada-1991456 (accessed January 22, 2022). copy citation Canada’s National Day for Truth and Reconciliation Shopping Online and Shipping to Canada How to Apply for a Canada Old Age Security Pension Important Innovations and Inventions, Past and Present Postal Codes for Canada Famous July Inventions and Birthdays Famous Black Inventors of the 19th- and Early 20th-Centuries Rules About Taking Growlers Into Canada Invention Funding: How Inventors Raise Money Chinese Head Tax and the Chinese Exclusion Act in Canada Rules for Visitors Bringing Alcohol Into Canada Role of the Prime Minister of Canada Regulations for Canadians Bringing Alcohol into Canada Who Invented Bluetooth? The Role of the Governor General of Canada What Are the Official Languages of Canada?