Humanities Languages A Step-By-Steo Conjugation of "Maintenir" (To Maintain) Simple Conjugations of an Irregular Verb in French Share Flipboard Email Print An older gentleman maintains his motorcycle. Diego Cervo / Getty Images Languages French Vocabulary Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated November 02, 2017 The French verb maintenir means "to maintain." Because the English and French are very similar, this is a relatively easy one to remember. Yet, if you want to say "maintained" or "maintaining" in French, you will need to conjugate the verb. Since maintenir is an irregular verb, this lesson is a little challenging. Conjugations of the French Verb Maintenir Maintenir is an irregular -ir verb. This means that it does not follow one of the more common verb conjugation patterns. However, all French verbs that end in -venir and -tenir are conjugated the same way. It may be a good idea to study a few of these at one time to make learning each easier. In order to learn the most basic conjugates of maintenir, study the table below. You will need to pair the subject pronoun with the present, future, or imperfect past tense to fit your sentence. For instance, "I am maintaining" is "je maintiens " while "we will maintain" is "nous maintiendrons." Pay particular attention to the verb forms that add an 'I' after the 'T' as these can catch you by surprise. Subject Present Future Imperfect je maintiens maintiendrai maintenais tu maintiens maintiendras maintenais il maintient maintiendra maintenait nous maintenons maintiendrons maintenions vous maintenez maintiendrez mainteniez ils maintiennent maintiendront maintenaient The Present Participle of Maintenir The present participle of maintenir is maintenant. This was formed by simply adding -ant to the verb stem mainten. When needed, it can also be used as an adjective, gerund, or noun as well as a verb. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The passé composé is a common way to express the past tense in French. It's a simple phrase to construct and makes use of the past participle maintenu. You will also need the subject pronoun and the appropriate conjugate of the auxiliary verb avoir. It all comes together rather easily: "I maintained" is "j'ai maintenu" and "we maintained" is "nous avons maintenu." More Simple Maintenir Conjugations to Learn The conjugations above should be a priority in your French studies because you will use them most often. There may be times when you will need other simple conjugations. For instance, the subjunctive verb mood implies uncertainty while the conditional says that the action is dependent on something. In contrast, the passé simple and the imperfect subjunctive are literary verb forms and found in formal writing. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je maintienne maintiendrais maintins maintinsse tu maintiennes maintiendrais maintins maintinsses il maintienne maintiendrait maintint maintînt nous maintenions maintiendrions maintînmes maintinssions vous mainteniez maintiendriez maintîntes maintinssiez ils maintiennent maintiendraient maintinrent maintinssent To express maintenir in short and often direct sentences, you can use the imperative form. When doing so, there's no need to include the subject pronoun. Rather than "nous maintenons," you can simplify it to "maintenons." Imperative (tu) maintiens (nous) maintenons (vous) maintenez Continue Reading How Do You Conjugate "Découvrir" in French? How Would You Conjugation "Augmenter"? You'll "Pick Up" the "Cueillir" Conjugations Before You Know It How Would You Say "to Move" in French? How Do You Conjugate "Laver" in French "Listen" for the Simple "Écouter" Conjugations You May Find This French Verb Conjugation "Suitable" Conjugating "Ennuyer" Is Anything But Boring Don't Let Conjugating "Fâcher" Make You "Angry" How Do You Conjugate "Apparaître" in French? Learn How to "Create" French Conjugations of "Créer" Do You Know How to Say "Heated" in French? How Do You Conjugate the Verb "Dîner" (to Have Dinner) in French? "Acquérir" is a Bit of a Challenge to Conjugate How Is "Demander" Conjugated, You "Ask"? "Advance" Your French Studies With Conjugations of "Avancer"