Spanish Verb Mandar Conjugation

Mandar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Mexican post office
Voy a mandarte una carta desde Tlaxcala, México. (I'm going to send you a letter from Tlaxcala, Mexico).

Sergio Mendoza Hochmann / Getty Images

 

Mandar is a versatile Spanish verb that can be translated as "to send" or "to command." It is used to refer to the sending of people or things, as well as taking command or ordering that actions be taken.

Mandar is conjugated as a regular -ar verb. You'll find all its simple conjugations below: the present, future, imperfect, and preterite indicative tenses; the imperfect and present subjunctive tenses; and the imperative mood.

Also included are the present and past participles, used to form the compound tenses.

Mandar Meaning

Although "send" is used in the conjugation charts below, many verbs can be used in translation. Among them are "tell," "direct," "command," "order," "be in charge," "prescribe," and "urge." Although mandar is a cognate of the English verb "mandate" and also related to "command," its meaning is usually less forceful than the English verbs are.

Spanish words based on mandar include mandante ("superior" as a noun or adjective), mandatario (an executive or business representative), mandamiento (commandment), and mandato (a command or order).

Present Indicative Tense of Mandar

The present tense is used much like the English present tense, although it can also be translated in the form of "is sending" or "are sending."

YomandoI sendYo mando la invitación a Casandra.
mandasYou sendTú mandas a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ellamandaYou/he/she sendsElla manda acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
NosotrosmandamosWe sendNosotros mandamos dinero a Costa Rica.
VosotrosmandáisYou sendVosotros mandáis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasmandanYou/they sendEllos mandan a los niños a la cama.

Mandar Preterite

The preterite tense, also known as the preterit, is used for past actions that had a clear end.

YomandéI sentYo mandé la invitación a Casandra.
mandasteYou sentTú mandaste a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ellamandóYou/he/she sentElla mandó acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
NosotrosmandamosWe sentNosotros mandamos dinero a Costa Rica.
VosotrosmandasteisYou sentVosotros mandasteis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasmandaronYou/they sentEllos mandaron a los niños a la cama.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Mandar

Spanish has a second past tense, the imperfect, that is used in ways similar to "used to + verb" or "was + verb + -ing." When this tense is used, it often isn't important to know when or even if the verb's action came to an end.

YomandabaI was sendingYo mandaba la invitación a Casandra.
mandabasYou were sendingTú mandabas a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ellamandabaYou/he/she was sendingElla mandaba acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
NosotrosmandábamosWe were sendingNosotros mandábamos dinero a Costa Rica.
VosotrosmandabaisYou were sendingVosotros mandabais un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasmandabanYou/they wereEllos mandaban a los niños a la cama.

Mandar Future Tense

YomandaréI will sendYo mandaré la invitación a Casandra.
mandarásYou will sendTú mandarás a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ellamandaráYou/he/she will sendElla mandará acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
NosotrosmandaremosWe will sendNosotros mandaremos dinero a Costa Rica.
VosotrosmandaréisYou will sendVosotros mandaréis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasmandaránYou/they will sendEllos mandarán a los niños a la cama.

Periphrastic Future of Mandar

"Periphrastic" simply means that something uses more than one word.

The Spanish periphrastic future is the direct equivalent of the English future formed by "go to + verb."

Yovoy a mandarI am going to sendYo voy a mandar la invitación a Casandra.
vas a mandarYou are going to sendTú vas a mandar a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ellava a mandarYou/he/she is going to sendElla va a mandar acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotrosvamos a mandarWe are going to sendNosotros vamos a mandar dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotrosvais a mandarYou are going to sendVosotros vais a mandar un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasvan a mandarYou/they are going to sendEllos van a mandar a los niños a la cama.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Mandar

Although the Spanish gerund is similar to the English "-ing" verb form, its use in Spanish is more restricted. The Spanish gerund puts emphasis on the continuing or ongoing nature of its action.

Gerund of Mandarestá mandandoIs sendingElla está mandando acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.

Past Participle of Mandar

As an adjective, mandar's past participle is usually the equivalent of "required" or "necessary." For example, las tareas mandadas can mean "necessary tasks."

Participle of Mandarha mandadoHas sentElla ha mandado acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.

Conditional Form of Mandar

The conditional tense is for actions that are dependent on some other action occurring.

YomandaríaI would sendYo mandaría la invitación a Casandra si tuviera su dirección.
mandaríasYou would sendTú mandarías a Roberto al mercado, pero él no es de confianza.
Usted/él/ellamandaríaYou/he/she would sendElla mandaría acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre si hubiera una farmacia.
NosotrosmandaríamosWe would sendNosotros mandaríamos dinero a Costa Rica, pero no tenemos ni un centavo.
VosotrosmandaríaisYou would sendVosotros mandaríais un mensaje a la maestra si supierais su nombre.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasmandaríanYou/they would sendEllos mandarían a los niños a la cama si fuera tarde.

Present Subjunctive of Mandar

The subjunctive mood is much more common in Spanish than in English. It typically is the verb in a clause that follows que.

Que yomandeThat I sendLuisa espera que yo mande la invitación a Casandra.
Que túmandesThat you sendEl jefe quiere que tú mandes a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ellamandeThat you/he/she sendLa guía médica recomienda que ella mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotrosmandemosThat we sendRicardo quiere que nosotros mandemos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotrosmandéisThat you sendEs importante que vosotros mandéis un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasmandenThat you/they sendMamá quiere que ellos manden a los niños a la cama.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Mandar

Although the two forms of the imperfect subjunctive once had different uses, in modern Spanish they are nearly always interchangeable. The first option below is used more frequently.

Option 1

Que yomandaraThat I sentLuisa esperaba que yo mandara la invitación a Casandra.
Que túmandarasThat you sentEl jefe quería que tú mandaras a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ellamandaraThat you/he/she sentLa guía médica recomendaba que ella mandara acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotrosmandáramosThat we sentRicardo quería que nosotros mandáramos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotrosmandaraisThat you sentEra importante que vosotros mandarais un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasmandaranThat you/they sentMamá quería que ellos mandaran a los niños a la cama.

Option 2

Que yomandaseThat I sentLuisa esperaba que yo mandase la invitación a Casandra.
Que túmandasesThat you sentEl jefe quería que tú mandases a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ellamandaseThat you/he/she sentLa guía médica recomendaba que ella mandase acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotrosmandásemosThat we sentRicardo quería que nosotros mandásemos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotrosmandaseisThat you sentEra importante que vosotros mandaseis un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasmandasenThat you/they sentMamá quería que ellos mandasen a los niños a la cama.

Imperative Forms of Mandar

The imperative mood is used for direct commands. Where the imperative may come across as too forceful, other sentence constructions can be used.

Imperative (Positive Command)

mandaSend!¡Manda a Roberto al mercado!
UstedmandeSend!¡Mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre!
NosotrosmandemosLet's send!¡Mandemos dinero a Costa Rica!
VosotrosmandadSend!¡Mandad un mensaje a la maestra!
UstedesmandenSend!¡Manden a los niños a la cama!

Imperative (Negative Command)

no mandesDon't send!¡No mandes a Roberto al mercado!
Ustedno mandeDon't send!¡No mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre!
Nosotrosno mandemosLet's not send!¡No mandemos dinero a Costa Rica!
Vosotrosno mandéisDon't send!¡No mandéis un mensaje a la maestra!
Ustedesno mandenDon't send!¡No manden a los niños a la cama!