Spanish Verb Mandar Conjugation

Mandar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Mexican post office
Voy a mandarte una carta desde Tlaxcala, México. (I'm going to send you a letter from Tlaxcala, Mexico).

Sergio Mendoza Hochmann / Getty Images

 

Mandar is a versatile Spanish verb that can be translated as "to send" or "to command." It is used to refer to the sending of people or things, as well as taking command or ordering that actions be taken.

Mandar is conjugated as a regular -ar verb. You'll find all its simple conjugations below: the present, future, imperfect, and preterite indicative tenses; the imperfect and present subjunctive tenses; and the imperative mood. Also included are the present and past participles, used to form the compound tenses.

Mandar Meaning

Although "send" is used in the conjugation charts below, many verbs can be used in translation. Among them are "tell," "direct," "command," "order," "be in charge," "prescribe," and "urge." Although mandar is a cognate of the English verb "mandate" and also related to "command," its meaning is usually less forceful than the English verbs are.

Spanish words based on mandar include mandante ("superior" as a noun or adjective), mandatario (an executive or business representative), mandamiento (commandment), and mandato (a command or order).

Present Indicative Tense of Mandar

The present tense is used much like the English present tense, although it can also be translated in the form of "is sending" or "are sending."

Yo mando I send Yo mando la invitación a Casandra.
mandas You send Tú mandas a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ella manda You/he/she sends Ella manda acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotros mandamos We send Nosotros mandamos dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotros mandáis You send Vosotros mandáis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas mandan You/they send Ellos mandan a los niños a la cama.

Mandar Preterite

The preterite tense, also known as the preterit, is used for past actions that had a clear end.

Yo mandé I sent Yo mandé la invitación a Casandra.
mandaste You sent Tú mandaste a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ella mandó You/he/she sent Ella mandó acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotros mandamos We sent Nosotros mandamos dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotros mandasteis You sent Vosotros mandasteis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas mandaron You/they sent Ellos mandaron a los niños a la cama.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Mandar

Spanish has a second past tense, the imperfect, that is used in ways similar to "used to + verb" or "was + verb + -ing." When this tense is used, it often isn't important to know when or even if the verb's action came to an end.

Yo mandaba I was sending Yo mandaba la invitación a Casandra.
mandabas You were sending Tú mandabas a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ella mandaba You/he/she was sending Ella mandaba acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotros mandábamos We were sending Nosotros mandábamos dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotros mandabais You were sending Vosotros mandabais un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas mandaban You/they were Ellos mandaban a los niños a la cama.

Mandar Future Tense

Yo mandaré I will send Yo mandaré la invitación a Casandra.
mandarás You will send Tú mandarás a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ella mandará You/he/she will send Ella mandará acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotros mandaremos We will send Nosotros mandaremos dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotros mandaréis You will send Vosotros mandaréis un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas mandarán You/they will send Ellos mandarán a los niños a la cama.

Periphrastic Future of Mandar

"Periphrastic" simply means that something uses more than one word. The Spanish periphrastic future is the direct equivalent of the English future formed by "go to + verb."

Yo voy a mandar I am going to send Yo voy a mandar la invitación a Casandra.
vas a mandar You are going to send Tú vas a mandar a Roberto al mercado.
Usted/él/ella va a mandar You/he/she is going to send Ella va a mandar acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Nosotros vamos a mandar We are going to send Nosotros vamos a mandar dinero a Costa Rica.
Vosotros vais a mandar You are going to send Vosotros vais a mandar un mensaje a la maestra.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a mandar You/they are going to send Ellos van a mandar a los niños a la cama.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Mandar

Although the Spanish gerund is similar to the English "-ing" verb form, its use in Spanish is more restricted. The Spanish gerund puts emphasis on the continuing or ongoing nature of its action.

Gerund of Mandar: está mandando

Is sending -> Ella está mandando acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.

Past Participle of Mandar

As an adjective, mandar's past participle is usually the equivalent of "required" or "necessary." For example, las tareas mandadas can mean "necessary tasks."

Participle of Mandar: ha mandado

Has sent -> Ella ha mandado acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.

Conditional Form of Mandar

The conditional tense is for actions that are dependent on some other action occurring.

Yo mandaría I would send Yo mandaría la invitación a Casandra si tuviera su dirección.
mandarías You would send Tú mandarías a Roberto al mercado, pero él no es de confianza.
Usted/él/ella mandaría You/he/she would send Ella mandaría acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre si hubiera una farmacia.
Nosotros mandaríamos We would send Nosotros mandaríamos dinero a Costa Rica, pero no tenemos ni un centavo.
Vosotros mandaríais You would send Vosotros mandaríais un mensaje a la maestra si supierais su nombre.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas mandarían You/they would send Ellos mandarían a los niños a la cama si fuera tarde.

Present Subjunctive of Mandar

The subjunctive mood is much more common in Spanish than in English. It typically is the verb in a clause that follows que.

Que yo mande That I send Luisa espera que yo mande la invitación a Casandra.
Que tú mandes That you send El jefe quiere que tú mandes a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ella mande That you/he/she send La guía médica recomienda que ella mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotros mandemos That we send Ricardo quiere que nosotros mandemos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotros mandéis That you send Es importante que vosotros mandéis un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas manden That you/they send Mamá quiere que ellos manden a los niños a la cama.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Mandar

Although the two forms of the imperfect subjunctive once had different uses, in modern Spanish they are nearly always interchangeable. The first option below is used more frequently.

Option 1

Que yo mandara That I sent Luisa esperaba que yo mandara la invitación a Casandra.
Que tú mandaras That you sent El jefe quería que tú mandaras a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ella mandara That you/he/she sent La guía médica recomendaba que ella mandara acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotros mandáramos That we sent Ricardo quería que nosotros mandáramos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotros mandarais That you sent Era importante que vosotros mandarais un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas mandaran That you/they sent Mamá quería que ellos mandaran a los niños a la cama.

Option 2

Que yo mandase That I sent Luisa esperaba que yo mandase la invitación a Casandra.
Que tú mandases That you sent El jefe quería que tú mandases a Roberto al mercado.
Que usted/él/ella mandase That you/he/she sent La guía médica recomendaba que ella mandase acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre.
Que nosotros mandásemos That we sent Ricardo quería que nosotros mandásemos dinero a Costa Rica.
Que vosotros mandaseis That you sent Era importante que vosotros mandaseis un mensaje a la maestra.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas mandasen That you/they sent Mamá quería que ellos mandasen a los niños a la cama.

Imperative Forms of Mandar

The imperative mood is used for direct commands. Where the imperative may come across as too forceful, other sentence constructions can be used.

Imperative (Positive Command)

manda Send! ¡Manda a Roberto al mercado!
Usted mande Send! ¡Mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre!
Nosotros mandemos Let's send! ¡Mandemos dinero a Costa Rica!
Vosotros mandad Send! ¡Mandad un mensaje a la maestra!
Ustedes manden Send! ¡Manden a los niños a la cama!

Imperative (Negative Command)

no mandes Don't send! ¡No mandes a Roberto al mercado!
Usted no mande Don't send! ¡No mande acetaminofén para bajar la fiebre!
Nosotros no mandemos Let's not send! ¡No mandemos dinero a Costa Rica!
Vosotros no mandéis Don't send! ¡No mandéis un mensaje a la maestra!
Ustedes no manden Don't send! ¡No manden a los niños a la cama!