Humanities Languages Conjugating the French Verb "Manger" "to Eat" Share Flipboard Email Print PhotoAlto / Michele Constantini / Getty Images Languages French Vocabulary Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated February 07, 2019 Manger is a regular French -er verb, but it is also a spelling-change verb. This means that it takes all the regular -er endings, but a small spelling change is made to the stem for consistency of pronunciation. The stem: the infinitive manger minus the -er ending, which leaves the stem mang-. All endings are added to this stem. Spelling-Change Verb Here's how the spelling change works: Verbs like manger that end in -ger change spelling slightly before endings that begin with the hard vowels a or o. Because g followed by a or o makes a hard g sound (as in gold), an e has to be added after g to keep a soft g (like the j in je). In short, wherever the g is not followed by an e, an e must be inserted so that the g remains soft throughout the conjugations. For example, in the present tense and the imperative, this g-to-ge spelling change is found only in the nous conjugation: mangeons. It is needed for the present participle, mangeant, but not for the past participle, mangé. It occurs in the following tenses/moods: Imperfect: singular conjugations plus the third person pluralPassé simple: all conjugations except the third person pluralImperfect subjunctive: all conjugations There is no spelling change in the conditional, future or subjunctive. The table below summarizes the spelling change conjugations. You might want to take a look at manger conjugated in all tenses to get the full picture of how often an e is needed after each g. Use and Expressions of Manger The food-conscious French have plenty of expressions using manger. Note that in familiar, everyday language, people frequently use the synonym bouffer, another regular -er verb that means "to eat," as in On a bien bouffé. ("The food was great." / "We ate well.") Here are a few expressions with manger: Elle mange de tout: She eats everythingOn en mangerait: It looks good enough to eat (Notice how much meaning was conveyed here by the simple use of the conditional)manger de la vache enragée: to have a hard time of itIl a mangé du lion aujourd'hui: He's full of beans todayIl ne mange pas de ce pain-là: That's not his cup of teaElle est mignonne. On le mangerait! She's so cute; I could eat her up!On peut toujours essayer; ça ne mange pas de pain: We can always try; it won't cost us anythingmanger à sa faim: to eat one's fillJe veux à manger: I want something to eatAs-tu eu assez à manger? Did you get enough to eat?Que veux-tu que je fasse à manger ce soir? What would you like me to cook / make for dinner tonight? Conjugations of Manger Present Future Imperfect Present participle je mange mangerai mangeais mangeant tu manges mangeras mangeais il mange mangera mangeait nous mangeons mangerons mangions vous mangez mangerez mangiez ils mangent mangeront mangeaient Passé composé Auxiliary verb avoir Past participle mangé Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive je mange mangerais mangeai mangeasse tu manges mangerais mangeas mangeasses il mange mangerait mangea mangeât nous mangions mangerions mangeâmes mangeassions vous mangiez mangeriez mangeâtes mangeassiez ils mangent mangeraient mangèrent mangeassent Imperative (tu) mange (nous) mangeons (vous) mangez Other Verbs Ending in '-ger' All verbs that end in -ger undergo this spelling change, including: arranger: to arrange bouger: to move changer: to change corriger: to correct décourager: to discourage déménager: to move déranger: to disturb diriger: to direct encourager: to encourage engager: to bind exiger: to demand juger: to judge loger: to lodge manger: to eat mélanger: to mix nager: to swim obliger: to oblige partager: to share rédiger: to write voyager: to travel Continue Reading -GER - French Spelling Change Verbs Examples How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Rater' ('to Miss, Fail') How to Conjugate French Spelling-Change Verbs How Do You Conjugate "Déménager"? Learn How to Conjugate "to Travel" in French How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Discuter' ('to Discuss') How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier ('to Study) Conjugating the French '-er' Verb 'Maquiller' ('to Make up Someone') How Would You Say "to Move" in French? Conjugating the Regular French Verb 'Entendre' ('to understand') Conjugating the Regular French Verb 'Aimer' ('to Like, Love') How to Conjugate the Stem-Changing French Verb 'Envoyer' ('to Send') How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Participer' ('to Participate') How to Conjugate the French Regular '-er' Verb 'Montrer' ('to Show') How to Conjugate the French Stem-Changing Verb 'Épeler' "Direct" Your Attention to the Conjugations of "Diriger"