Math Vocabulary

Boy and girl work together in math chalkboard

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It's important to know the right math vocabulary when speaking about mathematics in class. This page provides math vocabulary for basic calculations.

Basic Math Vocabulary

+ - plus

  • Example: 2 + 2
    Two plus two

- - minus

  • Example: 6 - 4
    Six minus four

x OR * - times

  • Example: 5 x 3 OR 5 * 3
    Five times three

= - equals

  • Example: 2 + 2 = 4
    Two plus two equals four.

< - is less than

  • Example: 7 < 10
    Seven is less than ten.

> - is greater than

  • Example: 12 > 8
    Twelve is greater than eight.

- is less than or equal to

  • Example: 4 + 1 ≤ 6
    Four plus one is less than or equal to six.

- is more than or equal to

  • Example: 5 + 7 ≥ 10
    Five plus seven is equal to or greater than ten.

- is not equal to

  • Example: 12 ≠ 15
    Twelve is not equal to fifteen.

/ OR ÷ - divided by

  • Example: 4 / 2 OR 4 ÷ 2
    Four divided by two.

1/2 - one half

  • Example: 1 1/2
    One and one half.

1/3 - one third

  • Example: 3 1/3
    Three and one third.

1/4 - one quarter

  • Example: 2 1/4
    Two and one quarter

5/9, 2/3, 5/6 - five ninths, two thirds, five-sixths

  • Example: 4 2/3
    Four and two thirds

% - percent

  • Example: 98%
    Ninety-eight percent.