A Meditation Upon a Broomstick, by Jonathan Swift

'What is man, but a topsy-turvy creature?'

broomstick - Jonathan Swift
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Composed as a parody of Robert Boyle's Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects (1665), Jonathan Swift's short essay relies on extended comparison to convey a bleak view of human existence. Consider how Sir Walter Scott characterized this "celebrated parody":

Whoever has read the vapid and metaphorical flourishes of this once celebrated moralist [Robert Boyle] . . . will find, in the pretended violation of Mr. Boyle's dignity, a pedantic and affected style, justly exposed to the ridicule of the world.
(The Works of Jonathan Swift, Volume IX, 2nd ed., 1824)

Poet Samuel Butler (1613-1680) also ridiculed Boyle's pious writings in an essay titled "An Occasional Reflection on Dr. Charlton's Feeling a Dog's Pulse at Gresham College."


A Meditation upon a Broomstick (1703)

According to the Style and Manner of the Honourable Robert Boyle's Meditations

by Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)

1This single stick, which you now behold ingloriously lying in that neglected corner, I once knew in a flourishing state in a forest. It was full of sap, full of leaves, and full of boughs, but now in vain does the busy art of man pretend to vie with nature by tying that withered bundle of twigs to its sapless trunk. It is now at best but the reverse of what it was: a tree turned upside down, the branches on the earth, and the root in the air. It is now handled by every dirty wench, condemned to do her drudgery, and by a capricious kind of fate destined to make other things clean and be nasty itself.

At length, worn to the stumps in the service of the maids, it is either thrown out of doors or condemned to its last use of kindling a fire. When I beheld this, I sighed and said within myself, surely mortal man is a broomstick: nature sent him into the world strong and lusty, in a thriving condition, wearing his own hair on his head, the proper branches of this reasoning vegetable, until the axe of intemperance has lopped off his green boughs and left him a withered trunk; he then flies to art, and puts on a periwig, valuing himself upon an unnatural bundle of hairs, all covered with powder, that never grew on his head.

But now should this our broomstick pretend to enter the scene, proud of those birchen spoils it never bore, and all covered with dust, though the sweepings of the finest lady's chamber, we should be apt to ridicule and despise its vanity, partial judges that we are of our own excellencies and other men's defaults.

2But a broomstick, perhaps, you will say, is an emblem of a tree standing on its head. And pray, what is man, but a topsy-turvy creature, his animal faculties perpetually mounted on his rational, his head where his heels should be, groveling on the earth? And yet with all his faults, he sets up to be a universal reformer and corrector of abuses, a remover of grievances; rakes into every slut's corner of nature, bringing hidden corruption to the light; and raises a mighty dust where there was none before, sharing deeply all the while in the very same pollutions he pretends to sweep away. His last days are spent in slavery to women, and generally the least deserving, till, worn out to the stumps, like his brother bezom, he is either kicked out of doors, or made use of to kindle flames for others to warm themselves by.