Clothing Items Worn by Islamic Men

Most people are familiar with the image of a Muslim woman and her distinctive dress. Fewer people know that Muslim men must also follow a modest dress code. Muslim men often wear traditional clothing, which varies from country to country but which always fulfill the requirements of modesty in Islamic dress.

It is important to note that Islamic teachings about modesty are addressed equally to men and women. All of the traditional Islamic attire pieces for men are based on modesty. The clothing is loose-fitting and long, covering the body. The Quran instructs men to "lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that will make for greater purity for them" (4:30). Also:

"For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah's praise—for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and great reward" (Quran 33:35).

Here is a glossary of the most common names of Islamic clothing for men, along with photos and descriptions.

Thobe

Thobe
Moritz Wolf/Getty Images

This is a long robe worn by Muslim men. The top is usually tailored like a shirt, but it is ankle-length and loose. The thobe is usually white, but it may also be found in other colors, especially in winter. Depending on the country, variations of the thobe may be called the dishdasha (such as is worn in Kuwait) or the kandourah (common in the United Arab Emirates).

Ghutra and Egal

Smiling middle eastern man
Juanmonino/Getty Images

This is a square or rectangular headscarf worn by men, along with a rope band (usually black) to fasten it in place. The ghutra (​headscarf) is usually white, or checkered in red/white or black/white. In some countries, this is called a shemagh or kuffiyeh. The egal (rope band) is optional. Some men take great care to iron and starch their scarves to precisely hold their neat shape.

Bisht

Men attending a diwaniya.
Matilde Gattoni/Getty Images

The bisht is a dressier men's cloak that is sometimes worn over the thobe. It is particularly common among high-level government or religious leaders, and on special occasions such as weddings.

Serwal

Sri Lanka muslim family
sanka Brendon Ratnayake/Getty Images

These white cotton pants are worn underneath the thobe or other types of men's gowns, along with a white cotton undershirt. They may also be worn alone as pajamas. The serwal has an elastic waist, a drawstring, or both. The garment is also known as mikasser.

Shalwar Kameez

Middle Eastern India Pakistan Men's wear style
Aliraza Khatri's Photography/Getty Images

In the Indian subcontinent, both men and women wear these long tunics over loose trousers in matching suits. Shalwar refers to the pants, and kameez refers to the tunic portion of the outfit.

Izar

Muslim men in sarongs have a chat in Slave Island
sanka Brendon Ratnayake/Getty Images

This wide band of cloth is wrapped around the waist like a sarong and tucked in place. It is common in Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, parts of the Indian subcontinent, and South Asia. The cloth is typically cotton with patterns woven into the cloth.

Turban

Muslim religious man in Karbala
Jasmin Merdan/Getty Images

Known by various names around the world, the turban is a long (10 plus feet) rectangular piece of cloth that is wrapped around the head or over a skullcap. The arrangement of the folds in the cloth is particular to each region and culture. The turban is traditional among men in North Africa, Iran, Afghanistan, as well as other countries in the region.

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Huda. "Clothing Items Worn by Islamic Men." ThoughtCo, Jan. 25, 2018, thoughtco.com/mens-islamic-clothing-2004254. Huda. (2018, January 25). Clothing Items Worn by Islamic Men. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/mens-islamic-clothing-2004254 Huda. "Clothing Items Worn by Islamic Men." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/mens-islamic-clothing-2004254 (accessed February 22, 2018).