Mount Vesuvius

The Volcano that Destroyed Pompeii

Vesuvius as seen from Pompeii
John Haslam/Flickr/CC BY 2.0

Definition:

Mount Vesuvius Details
Mount Vesuvius Basics

Mt. Vesuvius, a roughly 4300-feet high, deadly volcano, is located near the Bay of Naples, in the region of Campania, in Italy. Mt. Vesuvius is famous for its eruption on August 24 A.D. 79, that destroyed the cities of Herculaneum, Stabiae, and Pompeii, and thousands of residents. Pompeii was buried under 10 feet of material set in motion by the eruption of the volcano, while Herculaneum was buried under 75 feet of ash.

In Pompeii Myth-Buster, Professor Andrew Wallace-Hadril argues that the event occurred in the fall.
Pompeii and Herculaneum remained buried until the 18th century. Although exposure has led to wear and tear, at the time of the archaeological discovery, it provided the world with an image frozen in time of life in first century Italy and is still referred to for what is generally the best physical evidence.
Mt. Vesuvius had erupted before, but the A.D. 79 eruption is the first volcanic eruption described in detail by a witness, Pliny the Younger.

Source: volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/img_vesuvius.html - Vesuvius, Italy

More Information: Profile of Mt. Vesuvius

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Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. "Mount Vesuvius." ThoughtCo, Feb. 25, 2017, thoughtco.com/mt-vesuvius-volcano-119287. Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. (2017, February 25). Mount Vesuvius. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/mt-vesuvius-volcano-119287 Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. "Mount Vesuvius." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/mt-vesuvius-volcano-119287 (accessed October 18, 2017).