<p>Adapted from Richard Condon’s best-selling novel, <em>The Manchurian Candidate</em> tapped directly into the paranoia of Communist infiltration and kicked off the genre with one of its greatest examples. Directed by John Frankenheimer, the film starred <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/great-movies-starring-frank-sinatra-728372" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Frank Sinatra</a> as Captain Bennett Marco, a Korean War veteran who has returned home after being captured by the Chinese. Plagued by nightmares, Marco slowly comes to learn that he and his fellow soldiers – including heroic Sergeant Raymond Shaw (Laurence Harvey), who save their lives in combat – were brainwashed during their confinement. In fact, Shaw was turned into a sleeper assassin who, along with his domineering mother (Angela Lansbury), plots to kill the next vice president of the United States. <em>The Manchurian Candidate</em> was a brilliant and tense thriller that was an unfortunate harbinger of the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy.</p><p>Another great one from Frankenheimer, <em>Seven Days in May</em> focused on the inner workings of a potential military coup of a president (Fredric March) considered weak in the face of America’s Communist enemies. Led by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, a charismatic but radical Air Force general named James M. Scott (Burt Lancaster), the coup is only a whisper in the wind to President Lyman and the trustworthy Colonel Martin “Jiggs” Casey (Kirk Douglas), who struggle in vain to find evidence of such a plot. It’s only when the president directly confronts Scott with the charge that the house of cards crumbles and leads to the discovery of the coup in the form of a confession letter. Written by Rod Serling of <em>The Twilight Zone</em> fame, <em>Seven Days in May</em> was starkly realistic enough that even President John F. Kenney – a big fan of Fletcher Knebel and Charles W. Bailey II’s novel – thought such a plan was plausible.</p><p>Adapted from the first novel written by Michael Crichton under his real name, <em>The Andromeda Strain</em> combined the technology of science fiction with 1970s paranoia into a compelling, but occasionally slow-paced film directed by Robert Wise. Wise used a cast of unknowns for this film about a team of scientist that descend upon a small New Mexico town where a U.S. satellite has crashed and unleashed a deadly alien organism that kills the residents. Fueled by paranoia that an out of control government was intent on harming civilians – an irrational fear that has never gone away – <em>The Andromeda Strain</em> may have been a product of its time, drug-induced climax and all, but remains interesting viewing today.</p><p>Directed by Sidney Lumet, <em>The Anderson Tapes</em> was on its surface an elaborate heist movie, but underneath focused on the ever-increasing fear of people being watched in public. The film starred <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/james-bond-movies-with-sean-connery-728606" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sean Connery</a> as career criminal Duke Anderson, a recently released convict who becomes involved with the mob when they finance the highly ambitious robbery of an East Side Manhattan apartment complex filled with wealthy inhabitants. Unbeknownst to Duke, however, is the police are monitoring his every move in hopes of finding the Mafiosos bankrolling the job. In hindsight, <em>The Anderson Tapes</em> appeared to presage the Watergate scandal, while at the time it was one of the first films to tackle the paranoia of public surveillance.</p>The second of director Alan J. Pakula’s famed paranoia trilogy, <i>The Parallax View</i> drew its inspiration from the two Kennedy killings in its focus on the conspiracies behind political assassination. The film starred Warren Beatty as Joe Frady, a Seattle journalist who witnessed the assassination of a U.S. senator at the Space Needle and believes the official story of a mad lone gunman. Later a fellow journalist and former girlfriend (Paula Prentiss) shows up claiming that witnesses are dying off and something more sinister is at hand. Frady doesn’t believe her at first, but is compelled to investigate after she winds up dead, too. Adopting an assumed identity, Frady discovers the Parallax Corporation, a secretive company that hires assassins to pull off high-end jobs, and goes undercover as a potential applicant, which eventually leads to his own downfall. Both tense and trippy, <i>The Parallax View</i> received a mixed response upon release and was too dark for even Watergate-plagued 1974, but has since grown in stature as one of the better examples of the genre.<p>In the same year he won Oscars for Best Director and Best Picture with , Francis Ford Coppola directed an exquisite thriller about the creeping fear of audio surveillance that has since been hailed as a mini-masterpiece. <em>The Conversation</em> starred Gene Hackman as Harry Caul, a secretive surveillance expert hired to follow a young couple (Cindy Williams and Frederic Forrest) and tape their conversations in public. Assiduously private to the point of telling no one what he does, Harry slowly becomes more personally involved after unearthing a plot spearheaded by his employers to kill the young couple. While <em>The Anderson Tapes</em> covered the same ground three years earlier, <em>The Conversation</em> was undoubtedly fueled by the Watergate Scandal and earned Coppola his second Best Director nomination that year.</p><p>In my opinion, the best on the list, Sydney Pollack’s <em>Three Days of the Condor</em> has stood the test of time as one of the best films made in the 1970s. The film starred <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/classics-starring-robert-redford-728389" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Robert Redford</a> as Joe Turner, a CIA researcher who’s lucky enough to be out on lunch when his entire office is killed by faceless assassins. After discovering the carnage, Turner goes on the run and tries to come in from the cold, only to learn that he’s become a target by the very agency he works for. As he goes underground, Turner forces an innocent woman (Faye Dunaway) to help him stay on the move as he uncovers a vast conspiracy that involves everyone from the CIA to Big Oil. A non-stop thriller ride from the opening frames to the last, <em>Three Days of the Condor</em> was a big hit with both audiences and critics.</p><p>The third and last film in Pakula’s paranoia trilogy was undeniably the best. While other thrillers of the era drew upon Watergate for inspiration, <em>All the President’s Men</em> was the first to tackle the infamous break-in directly. The film starred Robert Redford as Bob Woodward and Dustin Hoffman as Carl Bernstein, two diametrically opposed <em>Washington Post</em> reporters who join forces to investigate an apparent theft at the Democratic campaign headquarters and eventually uncover a wiretapping conspiracy involving aides of President Richard Nixon. With the help of the mysterious Deep Throat (Hal Holbrook), Woodward and Bernstein follow the money all the way to the Oval Office and in effect help force his resignation. Nominated for eight Academy Awards, <em>All the President’s Men</em> won four including statuettes for Best Supporting Actor (Jason Robards) and Best Adapted Screenplay (William Goldman).</p>Yet another film that served as a harbinger of events to come, <i>The China Syndrome</i> focused its paranoia on the growing tensions surrounding nuclear power and the potential devastating consequences of a meltdown. The film starred Jane Fonda as an enterprising TV news reporter and Michael Douglas as her devil-may-care cameraman, both of whom happen to be on hand at a nuclear power plant that goes into emergency shutdown mode. With a hot story on their hands, the reporting team runs into hurdles getting their story onscreen while a plant supervisor (Jack Lemmon) discovers faulty construction due to cost trimming that could potentially lead to another more devastating meltdown. Released just 12 days before the infamous Three Mile Island incident, <i>The China Syndrome</i> became a box office hit while its title became synonymous with the idea of a severe core meltdown.