108 Names of Durga

108 Names of the Mother Goddess from the Devi Mahatmya (Chandi)

108 Names of Goddess Durga
The Idol of the Mother Goddess in a community Durga Puja ceremony in Lokhandwala, Mumbai. Photo © Subhamoy Das

Goddess Durga is the mother of the universe according to Hindu belief. There are many incarnations of Durga: Kali, Bhagvati, Bhavani, Ambika, Lalita, Gauri, Kandalini, Java, Rajeswari, et al. Her nine appellations are Skondamata, Kusumanda, Shailaputri, Kaalratri, Brahmacharini, Maha Gauri, Katyayani, Chandraghanta and Siddhidatri.

108 Names of Durga from the Devi Mahatmya (Chandi)

According to the scriptures, Lord Shiva called the Mother Goddess Durga in 108 names in order to please her.

During Navaratri and Durga Puja, devotees utter prayers in the 108 names of the Goddess. These names appear in the Purana called Devi Mahatmyam or Devi Mahatmya (The Glory of the Goddess) that narrates the story of Goddess Durga's battle and eventual victory over the demon king Mahishasura. Composed around 400–500 CE in Sanskrit by the ancient Indian sage Markandeya, this Hindu scripture is also known as the Durga Saptashat or simply the Chandi.

  1. Aadya: The primordial reality
  2. Aarya: The Goddess
  3. Abhavya: The fearful Goddess
  4. Aeindri: The one who is powered Lord Indra
  5. Agnijwala: The one who is capable of spewing fire
  6. Ahankara: The one who is full of pride
  7. Ameyaa: The one who is beyond any measure
  8. Anantaa: The one who is infinite and immeasurable
  9. Aja: The one who has no birth
  10. Anekashastrahasta: The possessor of many weaponed hand
  11. AnekastraDhaarini: The one who holds multiple weapons
  12. Anekavarna: The one who has multiple complexions
  1. Aparna: The one who abstains from eating even leaves while fasting
  2. Apraudha: The one who never ages
  3. Bahula: The one who has diverse forms and manifestations
  4. Bahulaprema: The one who is loved by all
  5. Balaprada: The giver of strength
  6. Bhavini: The beautiful one
  7. Bhavya: The one who stands for the future
  1. Bhadrakaali: The gentle form of Goddess Kali
  2. Bhavani: The mother of the universe
  3. Bhavamochani: The one who is the liberator of the universe
  4. Bhavaprita: The one who is adored by the entire universe
  5. Bhavya: The one who has magnificence
  6. Brahmi: The one who has the power of Lord Brahma
  7. Brahmavadini: The one who is omnipresent
  8. Buddhi: The embodiment of intelligence
  9. Buddhida: The one who bestows wisdom
  10. Chamunda: The killer of the demons called Chanda and Munda
  11. Chandi: The fearful form of Durga        
  12. Chandraghanta: The one who has mighty bells
  13. Chinta: The one who takes care of Tension
  14. Chita: The one who prepares the Death-bed
  15. Chiti: The one who has a mind that thinks          
  16. Chitra: The one with the quality of being Picturesque
  17. Chittarupa: The one who is in a state of thought
  18. Dakshakanya: The one known to be the daughter of Daksha
  19. Dakshayajñavinaashini: The one who interrupts the sacrifice of Daksha
  20. Devamata: The one who is known as the Mother Goddess
  21. Durga: The one who is unconquerable
  22. Ekakanya: The one who is known to be the girl child
  23. Ghorarupa: The one who has an aggressive outlook
  24. Gyaana: The one who is the embodiment of Knowledge
  25. Jalodari: The one who is the abode of the ethereal universe
  1. Jaya: The one who emerges as the Victorious
  2. Kaalaratri: The Goddess who is black like night
  3. Kaishori : The one who is an adolescent
  4. Kalamanjiiraranjini: The one who wears a musical anklet
  5. Karaali: The one who is Violent
  6. Katyayani: The one who is worshipped by sage Katyanan
  7. Kaumaari: The one who is an adolescent
  8. Komaari: The one known to be a beautiful adolescent
  9. Kriya: The one who is in action
  10. Krooraa: The one who is murderous on demons
  11. Lakshmi: The Goddess of Wealth
  12. Maheshwari: The one who possesses the power of Lord Mahesha
  13. Maatangi: The Goddess of Matanga
  14. MadhuKaitabhaHantri: The one who killed  the demon-duo Madhu and Kaitabha
  15. Mahaabala: The one who has immense strength
  16. Mahatapa: The one with severe penance
  17. MahishasuraMardini:    The destroyer  of the bull-demon Mahishaasura
  18. Mahodari: The one who has a huge belly which stores the universe
  1. Manah: The one with a   Mind
  2. Matangamunipujita: The one who is worshipped by the Sage Matanga
  3. Muktakesha: The one who flaunts open tresses
  4. Narayani: The one known to be the destructive aspect of Lord Narayana (Brahma)
  5. NishumbhaShumbhaHanani: The killer of the demon-brothers Shumbha Nishumbha
  6. Nitya: The one known as The eternal
  7. Paatala: The one with the colour Red
  8. Paatalavati: The one who is clothed in red
  9. Parameshvari: The one known as the Ultimate Goddess
  10. Pattaambaraparidhaana: The one who wears dress made out of leather
  11. Pinaakadharini: The one who holds the trident of Shiva
  12. Pratyaksha: The one who is original
  13. Praudha: The one who is old
  14. Purushaakriti: The one who takes the shape of a man
  15. Ratnapriya: The one who is adorned or loved by jewels
  16. Raudramukhi: The one who has a frightening face like the destroyer Rudra
  17. Saadhvi: The one who is self-confident
  18. Sadagati: The one who is always in motion, bestowing Moksha (salvation)
  19. Sarvaastradhaarini: The one who possesses all the missile weapons
  20. Sarvadaanavaghaatini: The one who possesses the power to kill all the demons
  21. Sarvamantramayi: The one who possesses all the instruments of thought
  22. Sarvashaastramayi: The one  who is skillful in all theories
  23. Sarvasuravinasha: The one who is the destroyer of all demons
  24. Sarvavahanavahana: The one who rides all vehicles
  25. Sarvavidya: The one who is Knowledgeable
  26. Sati: The one who got burned alive
  27. Satta: The one who is above all beings
  28. Satya: The one who resembles truth
  29. Satyanandasvarupini: The one who has the form of Eternal bliss
  30. Savitri: The one who is the daughter of the Sun God Savitri
  31. Shaambhavi: The one who is the companion of Shambhu
  32. Shivadooti: The one who is the ambassador of Lord Shiva
  33. Shooldharini: The one who holds a monodent
  34. Sundari: The one who is gorgeous
  35. Sursundari: The one who is extremely beautiful
  36. Tapasvini: The one who is engaged in repentance
  37. Trinetra: The one who has three-eyes
  38. Vaarahi : The one who rides on Varaah
  39. Vaishnavi: The one who is invincible
  40. Vandurga: The one known as the Goddess of forests
  1. Vikrama: The one who is violent
  2. Vimalauttkarshini: The one who provides joy
  3. Vishnumaya: The one who is the charm of Lord Vishnu
  4. Vriddhamaata: The one known as the old mother
  5. Yati: The one who renounces the world or the ascetic
  6. Yuvati: The one who is a young woman