Science, Tech, Math › Social Sciences The New Wonders of the World Share Flipboard Email Print Social Sciences Archaeology Ancient Civilizations Basics Excavations History of Animal and Plant Domestication Psychology Sociology Economics Environment Ergonomics Maritime By K. Kris Hirst Archaeology Expert M.A., Anthropology, University of Iowa B.Ed., Illinois State University K. Kris Hirst is an archaeologist with 30 years of field experience. Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. our editorial process Twitter Twitter K. Kris Hirst Updated July 01, 2019 Swiss entrepreneurs Bernard Weber and Bernard Piccard decided it was time to renew the original list of the Seven Wonders of the World, hence the "New Wonders of the World" were unveiled. All but one of the old Seven Wonders disappeared from the updated list. Six of the seven are archaeological sites, and those six and the leftover from the last seven -- the Pyramids at Giza -- are all here, in addition to a couple of extras that we think should have made the cut. 01 of 09 Pyramids at Giza, Egypt Mark Brodkin Photography / Getty Images The only remaining 'wonder' from the ancient list, the pyramids on the Giza plateau in Egypt include three main pyramids, the Sphinx, and several smaller tombs and mastabas. Built by three different pharaohs of the Old Kingdom between 2613-2494 BC, the pyramids must make anybody's list of man-made wonders. 02 of 09 The Roman Colosseum (Italy) Dosfotos / Design Pics / Getty Images The Colosseum (also spelled Coliseum) was built by the Roman emperor Vespasian between 68 and 79 AD AD, as an amphitheater for spectacular games and events for the Roman people. It could hold up to 50,000 people. 03 of 09 The Taj Mahal (India) Phillip Collier The Taj Mahal, at Agra, India, was built at the request of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century in memory of his wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal who died in AH 1040 (AD 1630). The exquisite architectural structure, designed by the famed Islamic architect Ustad 'Isa, was completed in 1648. 04 of 09 Machu Picchu (Peru) Gina Carey Machu Picchu was the royal residence of the Inca king Pachacuti, ruled between AD 1438-1471. The huge structure is located on the saddle between two huge mountains, and at an elevation of 3000 feet above the valley below. 05 of 09 Petra (Jordan) Peter Unger / Getty Images The archaeological site of Petra was a Nabataean capital city, occupied beginning in the sixth century BC. The most memorable structure -- and there are plenty to choose from -- is the Treasury, or (Al-Khazneh), carved out of the red stone cliff during the first century BC. 06 of 09 Chichén Itzá (Mexico) Dolan Halbrook Chichén Itzá is a Maya civilization archaeological ruin in the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico. The site's architecture has both classic Puuc Maya and Toltec influences, making it a fascinating city to wander through. Built beginning about 700 AD, the site reached its heyday between about 900 and 1100 AD. 07 of 09 The Great Wall of China Charlotte Hu The Great Wall of China is a masterpiece of engineering, including several chunks of massive walls extending for a huge length of 3,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) across much of what is China. The Great Wall was begun during the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (ca 480-221 BC), but it was the Qin dynasty emperor Shihuangdi who began consolidation of the walls. 08 of 09 Stonehenge (England) Scott E Barbour / Getty Images Stonehenge didn't make the cut for the Seven New Wonders of the World, but if you took a poll of archaeologists, Stonehenge would likely be on there.Stonehenge is a megalithic rock monument of 150 enormous stones set in a purposeful circular pattern, located on the Salisbury Plain of southern England, the main portion of it built about 2000 BC. The outside circle of Stonehenge includes 17 enormous upright trimmed stones of hard sandstone called sarsen; some paired with a lintel over the top. This circle is about 30 meters (100 feet) in diameter, and, stands about 5 meters (16 feet) tall.Maybe it wasn't built by druids, but it is one of the best known archaeological sites in the world and beloved by hundreds of generations of people. 09 of 09 Angkor Wat (Cambodia) Ashit Desai / Getty Images Angkor Wat is a temple complex, indeed the largest religious structure in the world, and part of the capital city of the Khmer Empire, which controlled all the area in what is today the modern country of Cambodia, as well as parts of Laos and Thailand, between the 9th and 13th centuries AD. The Temple Complex includes a central pyramid of some 60 meters (200 ft) in height, contained within an area of about two square kilometers (~3/4 of a square mile), surrounded by a defensive wall and moat. Known for breathtaking murals of mythological and historical figures and events, Angkor Wat is certainly an excellent candidate for one of the new wonders of the world.