Newfoundland and Labrador Facts

Key Facts on the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland and Labrador
Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland and Labrador. Barrett & MacKay / All Canada Photos / Getty Images

The most eastern province in Canada consists of the island of Newfoundland and Labrador which is on the mainland of Canada. Newfoundland and Labrador are the youngest Canadian province, joining Canada in 1949.

Location of Newfoundland and Labrador

The island of Newfoundland is at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north, east and south.

The island of Newfoundland is separated from Labrador by the Strait of Belle Isle.

Labrador is on the northeastern tip of the Canadian mainland, with Quebec to the west and south, and the Atlantic Ocean down to the Strait of Belle Isle on the east. The northern tip of Labrador is on the Hudson Strait.

See Interactive Map of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Area of Newfoundland and Labrador

370,510.76 sq. km (143,055 sq. miles) (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Population of Newfoundland and Labrador

514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Capital City of Newfoundland and Labrador

St. John's, Newfoundland

Date Newfoundland Entered Confederation

March 31, 1949

See Joey Smallwood Biography.

Government of Newfoundland

Progressive Conservative

Newfoundland Provincial Elections

Last Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 11, 2011

Next Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 13, 2015

Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador

Premier Paul Davis

Main Newfoundland and Labrador Industries

Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism