Science, Tech, Math › Science How Many Carbon Atom Moles in One Mole of Sucrose? Share Flipboard Email Print Sugar cubes are made of sucrose. Larry Washburn / Getty Images Science Chemistry Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated December 02, 2019 One of the first questions you'll encounter when working with moles will ask you to determine the relationship between number of atoms in a compound and the number of moles (mol). (To refresh your memory, the mole is the SI unit identifying the number of particles in a given amount of matter.) For example, how many moles of carbon (C) atoms are in 1 mole of table sugar (sucrose)? The chemical formula of sucrose is C12H22O11. When you are given a chemical formula, each one- or two-letter symbol stands for an element. C is carbon, H is hydrogen, and O is oxygen. The subscripts following each element symbol indicate the number of atoms of each element in the molecule. So, 1 mole of sucrose contains 12 moles of carbon atoms, 22 moles of hydrogen atoms, and 11 moles of oxygen atoms. When you are talking about 1 mole of sucrose, it's the same as saying 1 mole of sucrose atoms, so there are Avogadro's number of atoms in one mole of sucrose (or carbon, or anything measured in moles). There are 12 moles of C atoms in 1 mole of sucrose.