ODD - Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Juan is angry. Websterlearning

ODD -- Oppositional Defiance Disorder.

Oppositional Defiance Disorder is a disability diagnosis included in the EBD (Emotional Behavioral Disorders) and is often co-morbid with other disabilities, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders.  Sometimes it may very well just be a volitional cover for depression, which should always be ruled out.

Definition: Children with ODD typically show symptoms by the age of 8 and have many of the following behaviors occurring for a period of greater than 6 months:

  • negative attitudes
  • hostility, defiance
  • loss of temper
  • defying rules
  • non-compliance
  • uncooperativeness 
  • revenge seeking
  • anger,
  • spiteful or vindictive aggression
  • arguing with authority and peers,
  • constant disobedience
  • failure to take responsibility and accountability.

The oppositional behaviors are severe and frequent enough that they impair both social and academic growth. These children often create significant challenges for both their home and classroom settings.  After multiple behavioral infractions and suspensions, it is important for the child to be evaluated for EBD (Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities) to identify if his or her placement should be changed to a more restrictive environment.  Any evaluation should also address intelligence and skills to identify if the oppositional behavior is used to avoid appearing foolish or stupid, or to avoid activities that he/she soes poorly.   Often the ongoing challenging behavior of a child with ODD may present danger to the teaching staff and students.

  The goal of a Emotional and Behavioral education program should be to re-integrate the student into a general education setting as quickly as possible.

Sometime a parent or home environment may have a causal relationship to the child's inappropriate or dangerous behavior, and parents should be included in the process of evaluating and helping a student with these behaviors.

  Parents who have been raised in toxic home environments often don't have positive parenting skills.  Many students with ODD will respond to positive parenting and teaching techniques, especially if there is continuity between the reinforcement and consequences at home and school.

At this  time there is not specific medical condition underpinning oppositional defiant disorder and there is little research into the condition. It is often co-morbid with other mental conditions, such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD,) bipolar disease, depression or early onset psychosis.  The most successful approaches follow the tenants of Applied Behavioral Analysis, known as ABA.  Treatment of ODD alone is often unsuccessful.

In a general education classroom universal behavioral management often

Also Known As: CD - Conduct Disorder. However, CD is typically more severe than ODD.  Students diagnosed with CD tend to have worse social skills and weaker academic skills than their peers who are diagnosed as ODD.

Examples: Because Jonathon was diagnosed with ODD, his general education teacher and special education teacher send daily reports which uses a scale to 10 over five different domains to help him better understand his behavior.