Ometeotl, God of Duality in Aztec Religion

Aztec Temple
Aztec Temple. Scott Warren/Aurora/Getty

Name and Etymology

  • Ometeotl, "Two God," "Lord Two"
  • Citlatonac
  • Ometecuhtli (male form)
  • Omecihuatl (female form)


Religion and Culture of Ometeotl

Aztec, Mesoamerica


Symbols, Iconography, and Art of Ometeotl

Ometeotl was thought of as being simultaneously male and female, with the names Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. Neither were much represented in Aztec art, though, perhaps in part because they could be conceived more as abstract concepts than anthropomorphic beings. They represented the creative energy or essence from which the power of all other gods flowed. They existed above and beyond all the cares of the world, with no interest in what actually happens.


Ometeotl is God of...

  • Duality
  • Souls
  • Heaven (Omeyocan, "Place of Duality")


Equivalents in Other Cultures

Hunab Ku, Itzamna in Mayan mythology


Story and Origin of Ometeotl

As simultaneous opposites, male and female, Ometeotl represented for Aztecs the idea that the entire universe was composed of polar opposites: light and dark, night and day, order and chaos, etc. In fact, the Aztecs believed that Ometeotl was the very first god, a self-created being whose very essence and nature became the basis for the nature of the entire universe itself.


Temples, Worship and Rituals of Ometeotl

There were no temples dedicated to Ometeotl or any active cults that worshipped Ometeotl through regular rituals. It appears, however, that Ometeotl was addressed in regular prayers of individuals.


Mythology and Legends of Ometeotl

Ometeotl is the bisexual god of duality in Mesoamerican culture.