Quick Facts on the Province of Ontario

About a Third of Canada's Population Lives in Ontario

Ontario Corn Field
Ontario Corn Field. Pat LaCroix / The Image Bank / Getty Images

Ontario is the second largest province in Canada and about a third of Canada's population lives here. The economy in northern Ontario centers on natural resources, especially forestry and mining. The south is heavily industrialized, serving both Canadian and U.S. markets. Ontario accounts for about a quarter of all farm revenue in Canada, and service industries are also growing rapidly.

Location of Ontario

Between Manitoba on the west and the province of Quebec and the St.

Lawrence River on the east, and between Hudson Bay and James Bay on the north and the Great Lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron and Superior and the United States on the south

See map of Ontario

Area of Ontario

908,607.67 sq. km (350,815.38 sq. miles)(Statistics Canada, 20011 Census)

Population of Ontario

12,851,821 (Statistics Canada, 20011 Census)

Capital City of Ontario

Toronto, Ontario

Date Ontario Entered Confederation

July 1, 1867

Government of Ontario


Last Ontario Provincial Election

June 12, 2014

Premier of Ontario:

Kathleen Wynne

Main Ontario Industries

Manufacturing, agriculture, forestry, mining, services