Oslo City Hall, Venue for the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony

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Home of the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony

Oslo City Hall, Evening, Lighted Towers
Oslo City Hall, Evening, Lighted Towers. Photo by marco wong/Moment Open Collection/Getty Images

Rådhuset is the word Norwegians use for City Hall. The word literally means "advice house." The architecture of the building is functional—activities of Oslo City are similar to every city's center of government, dealing with business development, building and urbanization, general services like marriages and garbage, and, oh, yes—once a year, just before the winter solstice, Oslo hosts the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in this building.

About Oslo City Hall:

Location: Rådhusplassen 1, Oslo, Norway
Completed: 1950
Architects: Arnstein Arneberg (1882-1961) and Magnus Poulsson(1881-1958)
Architectural Style: Functionalism

Every year on December 10, the anniversary death of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded during a ceremony at the Oslo City Hall. For the rest of the year, this building, located in the center of downtown Oslo, is open for touring, free of charge. Two tall towers and an enormous clock echo the design of traditional northern-European town halls. A carillon in one of the towers provides the area with real bell-ringing, not the electronic broadcasts of more modern buildings.

Yet when it was finished, Rådhuset was a modern structure that captured the history and culture of Norway. The brick facade is decorated with historical themes and interior murals illustrate a Norske past. Norwegian architect Arnstein Arneberg used a similar mural effect when he designed the 1952 chamber for the United Nations Security Council.

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Norwegian Artistry at Oslo City Hall

Decorative Panel at the Oslo City Hall
Decorative panel on the facade of Oslo City Hall. Photo © Jackie Craven

The design and construction of Oslo City Hall spanned a dramatic thirty-year period in Norway's history. Architectural fashions were shifting. The architects combined national romanticism with modernist ideas. The elaborate carvings and ornaments showcase the talents of some of Norway's finest artists from the first half of the twentieth century.

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Years of Growth at the Oslo City Hall

Decorative Panel at the Oslo City Hall
Decorative panel on the facade of Oslo City Hall. Photo © Jackie Craven

The 1920 plan for Oslo called for the "new" City Hall to initiate an area of public spaces on Rådhusplassen. The building's exterior artwork depicts activities of the common citizen instead of kings, queens, and military heroes. The plaza idea was a common one throughout Europe and a passion that took American cities by storm with the City Beautiful Movement. For Oslo, the redevelopment timeline hit some snags, but today the surrounding parks and plazas are filled with carillon bells. Oslo City Hall Plaza has become a destination point for public events, including the Matstreif food festival which takes place for two days every September.

Oslo City Hall Timeline:

  • 1905: Norway gains independence from Sweden
  • 1920: Architects Arnstein Arneberg and Magnus Poulsson selected
  • 1930: Plans approved
  • 1931: Cornerstone laid
  • 1936: Artists began competing to design murals and sculptures
  • 1940-45: World War II and German occupation delayed construction
  • 1950: Formal inauguration of the City Hall held on May 15

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Elaborate Doors at Oslo City Hall

The Great Carved Doors of Oslo City Hall
The Great Carved Doors of Oslo City Hall. Photo by Eric PHAN-KIM/Moment Open Collection/Getty Images

The City Hall is the seat of government for Oslo, Norway, and also an important center for civic and ceremonial events such as the Nobel Peace Prize Awards Ceremony.

Visitors and dignitaries who come to the Oslo City Hall enter through these enormous, elaborately decorated doors. The center panel (view detail image) continues the theme of bas relief iconography on the architecture's facade.

Source: Detail image of door © Jackie Craven.

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Central Hall at Oslo City Hall

Central Hall at the Oslo City Hall
Central Hall at the Oslo City Hall. Photo © Jackie Craven

The Nobel Peace Prize Award presentation and other ceremonies at Oslo City Hall take place in the grand Central Hall decorated with murals by artist Henrik Sørensens.

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Murals by Henrik Sorensens at Oslo City Hall

Mural at the Oslo City Hall
Mural at the Oslo City Hall. Photo © Jackie Craven

Titled "Administration and Festivity," the murals in the Central Hall at Oslo City Hall depict scenes from Norwegian history and legends.

Artist Henrik Sørensens painted these murals between 1938 and 1950. He included many images from World War II. The murals shown here are located on the southern wall of the Central Hall.

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Nobel Laureates in Norway

Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo City Hall on December 10, 2008
Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo City Hall on December 10, 2008. Photo by Chris Jackson/Getty Images Entertainment Collection/Getty Images

It is this Central Hall that the Norwegian Committee chose to award and honor the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. It is the only Nobel Prize awarded in Norway, a country that was tied to Swedish rule during the life of Alfred Nobel. The Swedish-born founder of the prizes stipulated in his will that the Peace Prize in particular be awarded by a Norwegian Committee. The other Nobel Prizes (e.g., medicine, literature, physics) are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.

What is a Laureate?

The words Pritzker Laureate, familiar to enthusiasts of architecture, are used throughout this Website to distinguish the winners of architecture's highest honor, the Pritzker Prize. In fact, the Pritzker is often called the "Nobel Prize of Architecture." But why are the winners of both the Pritzker and Nobel prizes called laureates? The explanation embodies tradition and ancient Greek mythology:

The laurel wreath or laurea is a common symbol found throughout the world, from cemeteries to Olympic stadia. Winners of ancient Greek and Roman athletic games were acknowledged as the best by placing a circle of laurel leaves on their heads, just as we do today for some marathon runners. Often pictured with a laurel wreath, the Greek god Apollo, known as an archer and poet, gives us the tradition of poet laureate—an honor that in today's world pays far less than the honors bestowed by the Pritzker and Nobel families.

Source: Facts on the Nobel Peace Prize at Nobelprize.org, The Official Web Site of the Nobel Prize, Nobel Media [accessed December 19, 2015]S

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Water Views from City Hall Square

View from Oslo City Hall
View from Oslo City Hall. Photo © Jackie Craven

The Pipervika area around Oslo City Hall was once a site of urban decay. Slums were cleared to build a plaza with civic buildings and an attractive harbor area. Windows of the Oslo City Hall overlook the bay of Oslo fjord.

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Civic Pride at Rådhuset

Towers of Oslo's City Hall, harbor view at sunset
Towers of Oslo's City Hall, harbor view at sunset. Photo by fotoVoyage/E+ Collection/Getty Images

One might think that a City Hall would be traditionally rebuilt with columns and pediments, in the Neoclassical style. Oslo has gone modern since 1920. The Oslo Opera House is today's modernism, slipping into the waters like so many icicles. Tanzanian-born architect David Adjaye redesigned an old rail station to become the Nobel Peace Center, a fine example of adaptive reuse, blending traditional exteriors with high-tech electronic interiors..

Oslo's continued redevelopment makes this city one of Europe's most modern.

Note: As is common in the travel industry, the writer was provided with complimentary services for review purposes. While it has not influenced this review, About.com believes in full disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest. For more information, see our Ethics Policy.