Absolute Beginners to Painting: 15 Commonly Asked Questions

Answers to questions that may arise when you decide to learn to paint.

Looking at a great painting it can be hard to remember that every artist was an absolute beginner at some stage. But it's true, no-one is born with a paint brush in their hand, everyone learned from scratch at some stage. This list of commonly asked questions will help you get started on your creative journey as an artist.

1
Do I Have to Know How to Draw Before I can Paint?

Illustrator in Venice, Italy
Franz Aberham/Photodisc/Getty Images

Traditionally if you were training as an artist you'd spend a year or two learning to draw before you touched paint. The thinking is that you're not distracted by color while still mastering techniques such as perspective. But I believe that if you don't like drawing, for whatever reason, there's no reason not to jump straight into painting. Ultimately, it's the creation of art that's important, not the road you take to get there.

Find Out More:
• Sketching for Painting: Is there a Right or a Wrong Way?
• Do You Paint or Draw with Pastels?
• 10 Drawing Mistakes Beginners Make(From About.com's Guide to Drawing)

2
What Kind of Paint Should I Use?

Brush with red oil color
Malandrino / Getty Images

The most common types of paint used are acrylic, oils, water-mixable oils, watercolor, and pastel. None is better or significantly easier to master than the other. Which one is right for you depends to a large extent on your personality (take the Paint Personality Quiz), whether you're allergic to solvents, and how long you're prepared to wait for paint to dry.

My personal recommendation is to start with acrylics because they dry quickly, mix and clean up with water, and it's easy to paint out and hide mistakes. Acrylics can also be used on just about any surface, so you can paint on paper, canvas, or board.

Find Out More:
• The Pros and Cons of Different Types of Paint
• Getting Started with Acrylics

3
What Brand of Paint Should I Buy?

Paints of different colours waiting to be used
Carolyn Eaton / Getty Images

It depends on what your budget is. I'm a great believer in buying the best quality paint you can for a price that you still feel able to experiment and 'waste' it. Try various brands and see which you like using. You'll find differences in consistency for example, as well as the smell of the paint.

Color mixing with very cheap paints can be frustrating as the results turn out dull. This is because there is less pigment in such paints and more extender or filler.

Find Out More:
• Should You use Student or Artist's Quality Paints?
• Assessing a New Brand of Acrylic or Oil Paint
• Which Brand of Acrylic Paint is Best?
• Which Brand of Oil Paint is Best?
• Which Brand of Pastels is Best?
• Which Brand of Watercolor Paint is Best?

4
Can I Mix Different Brands of Paint?

Artist squeezing acrylic Paint
Christopher Bissell / Getty Images

Yes, you can mix different brands of paint and artist's quality and student's quality paints. Be more cautious mixing different types of paint or using them in the same painting. For instance, you can use oil paints on top of dried acrylic paint, but not acrylic paint on top of oil paint.

Find Out More:
• Can You Mix Water Soluble Oils With Acrylic Paints?
• Can You Mix Water Soluble Oils With Traditional Oil Paints?
• What is Mixed Media?

5
What Paint Colors Should I Get?

A row of oil paint tubes
Caspar Benson / Getty Images

For acrylics, watercolors, and oils, if you want to mix colors, start with two reds, two blues, two yellows, and a white. You want two of each primary color, one a warm version and one a cool. This will give you a larger range of colors when mixing than just one version of each primary.

If you don't want to mix all your colors, also get an earth brown (burnt sienna or burnt umber), a golden earth brown (golden ocher), and a green (phthalo green).

Find Out More:
• Basic Colors for Acrylics
• What Colors Do I Need to Start Painting with Oils?
• How To Select Suitable Pastel Colors

6
Do I Really Have to Learn Color Theory?

Brushes and oil paint forming a messy colour wheel
Dimitri Otis / Getty Images

Color is one of the fundamentals of painting and the more you know about the colors you're using, the more you can get from it. Don't let the word "theory" intimidate you. The fundamentals of color mixing aren't particularly tricky to understand.

Find Out More:
• What You Need to Know About Color Theory for Painting
• How to Paint a Color Theory Triangle
• Online Color Mixing Palette for Painters

7
Should I Paint on Paper or Canvas or What?

Painter's studio
Tetra Images / Getty Images

You can paint on practically anything provided the paint will stick and provided the paint won't rot the surface (or to use art-speak, the support).

Acrylic paint can be painted on paper, card, wood, or canvas, with or without a primer being used first. Watercolor can be painted on paper, card, or special watercolor canvas.

A support for oil paint needs to be primed first, otherwise the oil in the paint will eventually rot the paper or threads of the canvas. You can buy pads of paper primed for oil paper, which are perfect for doing studies or if your storage space if limited.

Find Out More:
• Canvas: What You Need to Know
• How to Prime a Canvas For Acrylics or Oils
• Paper for Watercolor Painting
• Painting on Hardboard

8
How Many Paint Brushes Do I Need?

Paint brushes
Image by Catherine MacBride / Getty Images

As few or as many as you like. if you're painting with oils, you can have a different brush for each color as the paint won't dry in the brush in a hurry.

I mostly use just one brush, a specifically a No.10 size Filbert with bristle hairs, rinsing it clean regularly as I'm painting. I've used the same shape and size for years now, replacing it as it wears down. I've become very familiar with exactly what it'll do that I don't have to think about it.

Find Out More:
• An Introduction to Art Paint Brushes
• How Many Brushes Does it Take to Make a Painting?

9
Where Do I Put the Paint I Intend to Use?

Colors and Brush never Disappoints
Aliraza Khatri's Photography / Getty Images

If you're going to be mixing colors before you use them, you need some surface for squeezing out your paints and mixing them. The traditional choice is a palette made from a dark wood with a hole for your thumb in it that makes it easy to hold. Other options include glass and disposable paper palettes, some designed to hold and some to be on on a tabletop.

As acrylic paints dry rapidly, you can't squeeze out a whole row of colors on a traditional wooden palette and expect them still to be usable an hour later. You'll need to use a water-retaining palette, or only squeeze out paint as you need it.

Find Out More:
• How to Use a Moisture-Retaining Palette for Acrylics
• Advantage of Wooden Palette for Oils

10
How Thick Should the Paint Be?

Directly Above Shot Of Palette On Bed
Ena Sager / EyeEm / Getty Images

As thick or thin as your heart desires. You can change the consistency of paint with a medium to make it thinner or thicker.

Find Out More:
• Oil Painting Mediums
• How Much Medium Can You Add to Acrylic Paint?
• Types of Mediums for Acrylic Paints

11
How Often Should I Clean a Paint Brush?

Person's hand washing paint brushes under a faucet
Glow Images / Getty Images

If you want your brushes to last, clean them thoroughly and completely every time you finish painting for the day. If you're happy to replace them at regular intervals, don't fuss over it.

Find Out More:
• How To Clean Your Paint Brushes
• 5 Ways to Ruin an Art Paint Brush

12
Is It Acceptable for Brushstrokes to be Visible in a Painting?

Brushstrokes in a painting
Photo © Marion Boddy-Evans

Whether or not you leave brushstrokes visible in a painting depends entirely on whether you like it as a style of painting or not. If you don't like visible brushstrokes, then you can use blending and glazing to eliminate all trace of them. Alternately, embrace brushstrokes as an integral part of the painting.

Find Out More:
• How to Paint in an Expressive Style
• Expressive Brushstrokes Art Worksheet

13
Where Should I Put the First Paint on the Canvas/Paper?

USA, New Jersey, Jersey City, Woman painting at easel
Tetra Images / Getty Images

I'm afraid this is something you'll have to decide for yourself. But the good news is it doesn't really matter because you can always paint over it or wipe it off. There are various ways to start a painting, from blocking in rough areas of color to doing a detailed underpainting in a single color. No one approach is more right than another. It's a matter of personal preference.

As with all painting techniques, don't assume a particular approach won't work for you without having tried it. Neither do you have to use only one in a painting, you're free to mix 'n match approaches if you wish.

Find Out More:
• Approaches to Covering a Canvas
• Six Things To Decide Before Starting to Paint

14
How Long Does it Take to Finish a Painting?

Senior man proudly showing his embroidered artwork
Lucia Lambriex / Getty Images
"Nothing can be rushed. It must grow, it should grow of itself, and if the time ever comes for that work -- then so much the better!"

These words come from the artist Paul Klee, writing in his On Modern Art in 1948, but true no matter what era you're painting in. A painting takes as long as it takes. It's a bit like the proverbial piece of string... it depends on what you're doing and longer is generally better than shorter, but not always.

See Also:
• How To Create Time for Painting

15
How Do I Know If a Painting is Really Finished?

Young man lying amongst artists materials, painting in background
Peter Beavis / Getty Images

Rather stop too soon than too late. It's easier to later do something extra to a painting than to undo something if you overwork it. When I find myself "just quickly" fixing a little thing here and a little thing there, I know it's past time to stop.

Put the painting to one side and don't do anything to it for a week. Leave it somewhere you can see it regularly, sit and stare at it critically, but resist the urge to fiddle until you're sure what you're going to do will be beneficial.

See Also:
• Self Portrait: Overworking Always Ends in Disaster
• Top 5 Ways to Ruin a Painting

16
May I Paint a Photograph?

Artists copying masterworks, National Gallery of Art,, Washington, DC, United States
Chris Cheadle / Getty Images

It depends on whose photograph it is. If it's one of your own, no problem obviously. If the photographer has expressly given permission for it to be used, fine. But simply taking any old photograph and creating a painting from it without checking the copyright of the photo isn't fine. Like paintings, all photos are automatically copyrighted.

There's also a difference between using a photo for reference (e.g. to see how a bird arranges its toes as it sits on a branch) and copying a photo (i.e. whole elements of the photo are reproduced such as the branch the bird is sitting on, the clouds in the photo, and the angle of the light).

Find Out More:
• Artist's Copyright FAQ: Painting Photos
• Where to Find Free Reference Photos

17
Where Do I Find Answers to My Other Questions?

Close-Up Of Question Mark On Directional Signs On Street
Dawid Garwol / EyeEm / Getty Images

Start by browsing through the Painting Problem Solver or using the search option (the box at the top right-hand corner of the page). If you can't find an answer there, your options are to post your question in the Painting Forum or to email me, the About.com Guide to Painting, at painting@aboutguide.com. Asking in the forum has the advantages of getting a speedier response (because you doesn't have to wait for me to check my email) and receiving answers from several people.