Password Dialog Box Program

Typing on a keyboard
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Here is example Java code showing how to make a password dialog box. This program uses a combination of the JOptionPane class and the JPasswordField class.

When this program is run a JOptionPane is shown containing a JPasswordField, a JTextField, an OK and Cancel button. The JFrame behind the JOptionPane uses a text area to provide feedback about the input the user has made and what buttons have been pressed.

The article relating to this code is How to Make a Password Dialog Box. Also, have a look at JPasswordField Overview if you want more specific information about the JPasswordField class.

Note:For this Java program to work it needs to be saved in a file called

//Imports are listed in full to show what's being used
//could just import javax.swing.* and java.awt.* etc..
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.JTextArea;
import javax.swing.JPasswordField;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.awt.EventQueue;
public class PasswordDialog {
//Note: Typically the main method will be in a
//separate class. As this is a simple one class
//example it's all in the one class.
public static void main(String[] args) {
//Use the event dispatch thread for Swing components
EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable()
public void run()
//handles the creation of the JFrame and
//all it's components
private static void createGuiFrame()
JFrame guiFrame = new JFrame();
//make sure the program exits when the frame closes
guiFrame.setTitle("Dialog Box Example");
//This will center the JFrame in the middle of the screen
//Using a JTextArea to diplay feedback
//(i.e., the username and password entered
JTextArea tracker = new JTextArea("Password Tracker:");
//Using a JPanel as the message for the JOptionPane
JPanel userPanel = new JPanel();
userPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(2,2));
JLabel usernameLbl = new JLabel("Username:");
JLabel passwordLbl = new JLabel("Password:");
JTextField username = new JTextField();
JPasswordField passwordFld = new JPasswordField();
//As the JOptionPane accepts an object as the message
//it allows us to use any component we like - in this case
//a JPanel containing the dialog components we want
int input = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(guiFrame, userPanel, "Enter your password:"
char[] correctPassword = {'a', 'P', 'a', 'S', 's', 'W', 'o', 'R', 'd'};
if (input == 0) //OK Button = 0
tracker.append("\nUsername entered was: " + username.getText());
//Retrieve password
char[] enteredPassword = passwordFld.getPassword();
tracker.append("\nPassword entered was: " + String.valueOf(enteredPassword));
if (Arrays.equals(correctPassword, enteredPassword))
tracker.append("\nThe password entered is correct!");
tracker.append("\nCall security - it's an imposter!");
//Note: best practice is to zero out the array
//that contains the password. (Bit silly here
//as I'm printing the password to show how it's retrived
//but keep it in mind when using JPasswordFields.)
Arrays.fill(enteredPassword, '0');
//either the cancel button or the 'x'
//has been pressed
tracker.append("\nDialog cancelled..");
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Your Citation
Leahy, Paul. "Password Dialog Box Program." ThoughtCo, Nov. 24, 2014, Leahy, Paul. (2014, November 24). Password Dialog Box Program. Retrieved from Leahy, Paul. "Password Dialog Box Program." ThoughtCo. (accessed April 20, 2018).