Password Dialog Box Program

Typing on a keyboard
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Here is example Java code showing how to make a password dialog box. This program uses a combination of the JOptionPane class and the JPasswordField class.

When this program is run a JOptionPane is shown containing a JPasswordField, a JTextField, an OK and Cancel button. The JFrame behind the JOptionPane uses a text area to provide feedback about the input the user has made and what buttons have been pressed.

The article relating to this code is How to Make a Password Dialog Box. Also, have a look at JPasswordField Overview if you want more specific information about the JPasswordField class.

Note:For this Java program to work it needs to be saved in a file called PasswordDialog.java

//Imports are listed in full to show what's being used
//could just import javax.swing.* and java.awt.* etc..
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.JTextArea;
import javax.swing.JPasswordField;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.awt.EventQueue;
public class PasswordDialog {
//Note: Typically the main method will be in a
//separate class. As this is a simple one class
//example it's all in the one class.
public static void main(String[] args) {
//Use the event dispatch thread for Swing components
EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable()
{
@Override
public void run()
{
createGuiFrame();
}
});
}
//handles the creation of the JFrame and
//all it's components
private static void createGuiFrame()
{
JFrame guiFrame = new JFrame();
//make sure the program exits when the frame closes
guiFrame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
guiFrame.setTitle("Dialog Box Example");
guiFrame.setSize(500,300);
//This will center the JFrame in the middle of the screen
guiFrame.setLocationRelativeTo(null);
guiFrame.setVisible(true);
//Using a JTextArea to diplay feedback
//(i.e., the username and password entered
JTextArea tracker = new JTextArea("Password Tracker:");
guiFrame.add(tracker);
//Using a JPanel as the message for the JOptionPane
JPanel userPanel = new JPanel();
userPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(2,2));
JLabel usernameLbl = new JLabel("Username:");
JLabel passwordLbl = new JLabel("Password:");
JTextField username = new JTextField();
JPasswordField passwordFld = new JPasswordField();
userPanel.add(usernameLbl);
userPanel.add(username);
userPanel.add(passwordLbl);
userPanel.add(passwordFld);
//As the JOptionPane accepts an object as the message
//it allows us to use any component we like - in this case
//a JPanel containing the dialog components we want
int input = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(guiFrame, userPanel, "Enter your password:"
,JOptionPane.OK_CANCEL_OPTION, JOptionPane.PLAIN_MESSAGE);
char[] correctPassword = {'a', 'P', 'a', 'S', 's', 'W', 'o', 'R', 'd'};
if (input == 0) //OK Button = 0
{
tracker.append("\nUsername entered was: " + username.getText());
//Retrieve password
char[] enteredPassword = passwordFld.getPassword();
tracker.append("\nPassword entered was: " + String.valueOf(enteredPassword));
if (Arrays.equals(correctPassword, enteredPassword))
{
tracker.append("\nThe password entered is correct!");
}
else
{
tracker.append("\nCall security - it's an imposter!");
}
//Note: best practice is to zero out the array
//that contains the password. (Bit silly here
//as I'm printing the password to show how it's retrived
//but keep it in mind when using JPasswordFields.)
Arrays.fill(enteredPassword, '0');
}
else
{
//either the cancel button or the 'x'
//has been pressed
tracker.append("\nDialog cancelled..");
}
}
}
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Your Citation
Leahy, Paul. "Password Dialog Box Program." ThoughtCo, Nov. 24, 2014, thoughtco.com/password-dialog-box-program-2033978. Leahy, Paul. (2014, November 24). Password Dialog Box Program. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/password-dialog-box-program-2033978 Leahy, Paul. "Password Dialog Box Program." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/password-dialog-box-program-2033978 (accessed April 20, 2018).