Languages › English as a Second Language Persuasive Writing: For and Against Intermediate Level Writing Share Flipboard Email Print Getty Images | Kathleen Finlay English as a Second Language Writing Skills Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated February 25, 2019 Persuasive writing asks the writer to provide arguments for and against something in order to convince the reader of a point of view. Use these introductory phrases, structures, and phrases to connect your sentences and create a logical flow. Introductory Phrases Use the phrases below to introduce your arguments are you write to persuade your reader of your opinion. Expressing Your Opinion Express your opinions as you consider the pros and cons. In my opinion,I feel/think thatPersonally, Showing Contrast These words introduce a sentence to show contrast. However,On the other hand,AlthoughUnfortunately, Ordering Use order to help you move through a persuasive paragraph. First of all,Then,Next,Finally, Summarizing Summarize your opinion at the end of a paragraph. To sum up,In conclusion,In summary,All things considered, Expressing Both Sides Express both sides of an argument using the following phrases. Pros and cons - Understanding the pros and cons of this topic is important.Advantages and disadvantages - Let's take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of the topic.Plus and minus - One plus is that it's located in the city. One minus is that our costs will increase. Providing Additional Arguments Provide additional arguments in your paragraphs with these structures. What is more, - What is more, I feel we should consider his opinion.In addition to..., the... - In addition to his work, the instruction was excellent.Further, - Further, I'd like to show three traits.Not only will..., but... will also... - Not only will we grow together, but we will also profit from the situation. Tips for Writing a For and Against Argument Use the following tips to help you write short essays using persuasive writing. Before you begin, write down at least five positive points, and five negative points for your argument.Begin your writing by making a statement about the general statement about the outcome of an action, or the overall situation.Dedicate the first paragraph to one side of the argument. This can be either positive or negative. Generally, it is the side with which you agree.The second paragraph should contain the other side of the argument.The final paragraph should shortly summarize both paragraphs, and provide your own general opinion on the matter. Example Paragraphs: A Short Work Week Read the following paragraphs. Notice that this paragraph presents the pros and cons of a shorter work week. Introducing a short work week may lead to both positive and negative effects on society. For workers, the advantages of shortening the work week include more free time. This will lead to stronger family relationships, as well as better physical and mental health for all. An increase in free time should lead to more service sector jobs as people find ways to enjoy their extra leisure time. What is more, companies will need to hire more workers to keep production up to past levels of a standard forty hour work week. Altogether, these benefits will not only improve quality of life but also grow the economy as a whole. On the other hand, a shorter work week may damage the ability to compete in the global workplace. Moreover, companies may be tempted to outsource positions to countries where longer work weeks are common. Another point is that companies will need to train more workers to make up for the lost productivity hours. To sum up, companies will likely have to pay a steep price for shorter work weeks. In summary, it is clear that there would be a number of positive gains for individual workers if the work week were shortened. Unfortunately, this move could easily cause companies to look elsewhere for qualified staff. In my opinion, the net positive gains outweigh the negative consequences of such a move towards more free time for all. Exercise Choose a for and against argument from one of the following themes Attending College/UniversityGetting MarriedHaving ChildrenChanging JobsMoving Write down five positive points and five negative points.Write down an overall statement of the situation (for introduction and first sentence).Write down your own personal opinion (for the final paragraph).Summarize both sides in one sentence if possible.Use your notes to write a For and Against Argument using the helpful language provided.