Languages › Japanese Health Problem Expressions in Japanese Share Flipboard Email Print ULTRA.F / Getty Images Japanese Japanese Grammar History & Culture Essential Japanese Vocabulary By Namiko Abe Japanese Language Expert B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. our editorial process Namiko Abe Updated November 04, 2019 Here are some expressions to describe physical conditions in Japanese. Pain is usually described using the adjective "itai (painful, sore)". atama ga itai頭が痛い to have a headache ha ga itai歯が痛い to have a toothache nodo ga itaiのどが痛い to have a sore throat onaka ga itaiおなかが痛い to have a stomachache seki ga deruせきがでる to have a cough hana ga deru鼻がでる to have a runny nose netsu ga aru熱がある to have a fever samuke ga suru寒気がする to have a chill karada ga darui体がだるい to feel a lack of energy shokuyoku ga nai食欲がない to have no appetite memai ga suruめまいがする to feel dizzy kaze o hiku風邪をひく to catch a cold You should also learn the vocabulary of body parts. When describing your conditions to a doctor, "~n desu" is often added at the end of the sentence. It has an explanatory function. To express "I have a cold," "kaze o hikimashita （風邪をひきました）" or "kaze o hiiteimasu （風邪をひいています）" is used. Atama ga itai n desu.頭が痛いんです｡ I have a headache. Netsu ga aru n desu.熱があるんです｡ I have a fever. Here is how to express degrees of pain. totemo itaiとても痛い very painful sukoshi itai少し痛い a little bit painful Onomatopoeic expressions are also used to express degrees of pain. "Gan gan （がんがん）" or "zuki zuki （ずきずき）" is used to describe headaches. "Zuki zuki （ずきずき）" or "shiku shiku （しくしく）" is used for toothaches and "kiri kiri （きりきり）" or "shiku shiku （しくしく）" for stomachaches. gan gan がんがん pounding headache zuki zuki ずきずき throbbing pain shiku shiku しくしく dull pain kiri kiri きりきり sharp continuous pain hiri hiri ひりひり burning pain chiku chikuちくちく prickly pain Ari no mama de - The Japanese Version of "Let It Go" "Happy Halloween" in Japanese Umi no mizu wa naze karai - Learn from a Story Verbs of Change: Naru Ubasute yama - Learn from a Story Japanese Children Song "Donguri Korokoro" Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture The Japanese Christmas Song "Awatenbou no Santakuroosu" Expressions Used in Letters Learn How to Conjugate the Japanese Verb "Suru" Useful Japanese Expressions First Meetings and Introductions in Japanese How to Say "Want" or "Desire" in Japanese Writing Japanese New Year's Cards How to Use the Conditional Form "~Ba" in Japanese The Extended Use of the Verb "Suru"