Languages › Japanese Health Problem Expressions in Japanese Share Flipboard Email Print ULTRA.F / Getty Images Japanese Japanese Grammar History & Culture Essential Japanese Vocabulary By Namiko Abe Japanese Language Expert B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. our editorial process Namiko Abe Updated November 04, 2019 Here are some expressions to describe physical conditions in Japanese. Pain is usually described using the adjective "itai (painful, sore)". atama ga itai 頭が痛い to have a headache ha ga itai 歯が痛い to have a toothache nodo ga itai のどが痛い to have a sore throat onaka ga itai おなかが痛い to have a stomachache seki ga deru せきがでる to have a cough hana ga deru 鼻がでる to have a runny nose netsu ga aru 熱がある to have a fever samuke ga suru 寒気がする to have a chill karada ga darui 体がだるい to feel a lack of energy shokuyoku ga nai 食欲がない to have no appetite memai ga suru めまいがする to feel dizzy kaze o hiku 風邪をひく to catch a cold You should also learn the vocabulary of body parts. When describing your conditions to a doctor, "~n desu" is often added at the end of the sentence. It has an explanatory function. To express "I have a cold," "kaze o hikimashita （風邪をひきました）" or "kaze o hiiteimasu （風邪をひいています）" is used. Atama ga itai n desu. 頭が痛いんです｡ I have a headache. Netsu ga aru n desu. 熱があるんです｡ I have a fever. Here is how to express degrees of pain. totemo itai とても痛い very painful sukoshi itai 少し痛い a little bit painful Onomatopoeic expressions are also used to express degrees of pain. "Gan gan （がんがん）" or "zuki zuki （ずきずき）" is used to describe headaches. "Zuki zuki （ずきずき）" or "shiku shiku （しくしく）" is used for toothaches and "kiri kiri （きりきり）" or "shiku shiku （しくしく）" for stomachaches. gan gan がんがん pounding headache zuki zuki ずきずき throbbing pain shiku shiku しくしく dull pain kiri kiri きりきり sharp continuous pain hiri hiri ひりひり burning pain chiku chiku ちくちく prickly pain Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Abe, Namiko. "Health Problem Expressions in Japanese." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/physical-health-problems-in-japanese-4077303. Abe, Namiko. (2021, February 16). Health Problem Expressions in Japanese. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/physical-health-problems-in-japanese-4077303 Abe, Namiko. "Health Problem Expressions in Japanese." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/physical-health-problems-in-japanese-4077303 (accessed September 20, 2021). copy citation Verbs of Change: Naru Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture Expressions Used in Letters Useful Japanese Expressions First Meetings and Introductions in Japanese Most Common Sentence Ending Particles in Japanese Sentences (2) Japanese Lesson: Particles "O" and "No" Sentence Ending Particles in Japanese Flowers in Japanese Proverbs The Lyrics for "Christmas Eve" by Tatsuro Yamashita The Conditional "Nara" and the Song "Shiawase Nara Te o Tatakou" Particle (Bakari) Japanese for Travelers: Getting Around Frequently Asked Questions in Introductory Japanese What Does Iiyo Mean in Japanese? Guide to the Japanese Language in the Animated "Spirited Away"