List of Physical Properties of Matter

Examples of Physical Properties of Matter

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This is an extensive list of physical properties of matter. These are characteristics that you can observe and measure without altering a sample. Unlike chemical properties, you do not need to change the nature of a substance to measure any physical property it might have. 

You may find this alphabetical list to be especially useful if you need to cite examples of physical properties.


  • Absorption
  • Albedo



  • Inductance
  • Intrinsic impedance
  • Intensity
  • Irradiance
  • Length
  • Location
  • Luminance
  • Luster
  • Malleability
  • Magnetic field
  • Magnetic flux
  • Mass
  • Melting point
  • Moment
  • Momentum


  • Permeability
  • Permittivity
  • Pressure
  • Radiance
  • Resistivity
  • Reflectivity
  • Solubility
  • Specific heat
  • Spin
  • Strength
  • Temperature
  • Tension
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Velocity
  • Viscosity
  • Volume
  • Wave impedance


Physical vs. Chemical Properties

Chemical and physical properties are related to chemical and physical changes. A physical change only alters the shape or appearance of a sample and not its chemical identity. A chemical change is a chemical reaction, which rearranges a sample on a molecular level.

Chemical properties encompass those characteristics of matter that can only be observed by changing the chemical identity of a sample, which is to say by examining its behavior in a chemical reaction.

Examples of chemical properties include flammability (observed from combustion), reactivity (measured by readiness to participate in a reaction), and toxicity (demonstrated by exposing an organism to a chemical).


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Your Citation
Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "List of Physical Properties of Matter." ThoughtCo, Feb. 3, 2018, Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2018, February 3). List of Physical Properties of Matter. Retrieved from Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "List of Physical Properties of Matter." ThoughtCo. (accessed April 21, 2018).