The Plane That Crashed Into the Empire State Building

damage after a plane crashed into the Empire State Building.

Photo by FPG/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

On the foggy morning of Saturday, July 28, 1945, Lt. Colonel William Smith was piloting a U.S. Army B-25 bomber through New York City when he crashed into the Empire State Building at 9:45 a.m, killing 14 people.


Lt. Colonel William Smith was on his way to Newark Airport to pick up his commanding officer, but for some reason, he showed up over LaGuardia Airport and asked for a weather report.

Because of the poor visibility, the LaGuardia tower wanted him to land, but Smith requested and received permission from the military to continue on to Newark.

The last transmission from the LaGuardia tower to the plane was a foreboding warning: "From where I'm sitting, I can't see the top of the Empire State Building."

Avoiding Skyscrapers

Confronted with dense fog, Smith dropped the bomber low to regain visibility, where he found himself in the middle of Manhattan, surrounded by skyscrapers. At first, the bomber was headed directly for the New York Central Building (now called the Helmsley Building) but at the last minute, Smith was able to bank west and miss it.

Unfortunately, this put him in line for another skyscraper. Smith managed to miss several skyscrapers until he was headed for the Empire State Building. At the last minute, Smith tried to get the bomber to climb and twist away, but it was too late.

The Crash

At 9:49 a.m., the ten-ton, B-25 bomber smashed into the north side of the Empire State Building. The majority of the plane hit the 79th floor, creating a hole in the building 18 feet wide and 20 feet high.

The plane's high-octane fuel exploded, hurtling flames down the side of the building and inside through hallways and stairwells all the way down to the 75th floor.

World War II had caused many to shift to a six-day work week; thus there were many people at work in the Empire State Building that Saturday. The plane crashed into the offices of the War Relief Services of the National Catholic Welfare Conference.

Catherine O'Connor described the crash:

The plane exploded within the building. There were five or six seconds—I was tottering on my feet trying to keep my balance—and three-quarters of the office was instantaneously consumed in this sheet of flame. One man was standing inside the flame. I could see him. It was a co-worker, Joe Fountain. His whole body was on fire. I kept calling to him, "Come on, Joe; come on, Joe." He walked out of it. Joe Fountain died several days later. Eleven of the office workers were burned to death, some still sitting at their desks, others while trying to run from the flames.

Damage From the Crash

One of the engines and part of the landing gear hurtled across the 79th floor, through wall partitions and two firewalls, and out the south wall's windows to fall onto a 12-story building across 33rd Street.

The other engine flew into an elevator shaft and landed on an elevator car. The car began to plummet, slowed somewhat by emergency safety devices. Miraculously, when help arrived at the remains of the elevator car in the basement, the two women inside the car were still alive.

Some debris from the crash fell to the streets below, sending pedestrians scurrying for cover, but most fell onto the building's setbacks on the fifth floor. The bulk of the wreckage, however, remained stuck in the side of the building.

After the flames were extinguished and the remains of the victims removed, the rest of the wreckage was removed through the building.

Death Toll

The plane crash killed 14 people (11 office workers and the three crewmen) plus injured 26 others. Though the integrity of the Empire State Building was not affected, the cost of the damage done by the crash was $1 million.


  • Goldman, Jonathan. "The Empire State Building Book." Paperback, St Martins Pr, 1856.
  • Tauranac, John. "The Empire State Building: The Making of a Landmark." Paperback, 1 edition, Cornell University Press, March 25, 2014.
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Rosenberg, Jennifer. "The Plane That Crashed Into the Empire State Building." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, Rosenberg, Jennifer. (2020, August 26). The Plane That Crashed Into the Empire State Building. Retrieved from Rosenberg, Jennifer. "The Plane That Crashed Into the Empire State Building." ThoughtCo. (accessed April 20, 2021).