Learn the Conjugations of "Pluerer" (to Cry) in French

A Quick Lesson in Conjugating a Regular Verb

Baby Crying
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The French verb pluerer means "to cry." When you want to say "he is crying" in the present tense or "we cried" in the past tense, the verb must be conjugated. A quick lesson will introduce you to the simplest forms of pluerer, which you can study and memorize for use in your conversations.

The Basic Conjugations of Pleurer

French verb conjugations may not be most French students' favorite things to learn, but when you have a verb like pleurer, it is just a little easier. That's because this is a regular -er verb, meaning it uses a very common conjugation pattern.

If you have studied other verbs such as quitter (to leave) or préparer (to prepare), you can use what you learned for those and apply it here. The key is to find the verb stem (or radical), which is pleur-. To that, you will add different endings to form each conjugation.

The endings you need are found in the chart. All you have to do is pair the appropriate subject pronoun to the tense of your subject. For example, "I am crying" is je pleure and "we cried" is nous pleurions.

Present Future Imperfect
je pleure pleurerai pleurais
tu pleures pleureras pleurais
il pleure pleurera pleurait
nous pleurons pleurerons pleurions
vous pleurez pleurerez pleuriez
ils pleurent pleureront pleuraient

The Present Participle of Pleurer

As with most regular verbs, the present participle of pleurer is formed with an -ant ending. This forms the word pleurant.

Pleurer in the Compound Past Tense

The passé composé is a compound past tense that is very common in French. To form it, you will need to conjugate avoir (an auxiliary verb) into the present tense. The past tense is implied by the past participle pleuré, which is attached to the end. For example, "I cried" is j'ai pleuré and "we cried" is nous avons pleuré.

More Simple Conjugations of Pleurer

Among the other simple conjugations you may need are the subjunctive and the conditional. The former draws into question the act of crying. The latter says that someone will only cry if something else happens.

If you read or write much French, you may also need the passé simple and the imperfect subjunctive. These are literary tenses and most often used in formal writing.

Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive
je pleure pleurerais pleurai pleurasse
tu pleures pleurerais pleuras pleurasses
il pleure pleurerait pleura pleurât
nous pleurions pleurerions pleurâmes pleurassions
vous pleuriez pleureriez pleurâtes pleurassiez
ils pleurent pleureraient pleurèrent pleurassent

When you want to say "Cry!" in French, or some other short, really direct phrase, use the imperative form. All formality is lost here, so there's no need to include the subject pronoun. Simply say, "Pleure !"

Imperative
(tu) pleure
(nous) pleurons
(vous) pleurez