Pope Benedict III

This profile of Pope Benedict III is part of
Who's Who in Medieval History

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 

Pope Benedict III was known for:

His troubled accession to the papal chair. Though legitimately elected, a false claimant was confirmed by the emperor, and Benedict spent time in prison while the matter was settled.

Occupations:

Pope

Places of Residence and Influence:

Italy

Important Dates:

Elected pope: July, 855
Died: , 858

About Pope Benedict III:

Benedict III was elected shortly after the death of his predecessor, Leo IV, in July of 855, and legates were sent to Lothair and Louis II for confirmation. But the legates were influenced to support the excommunicated Cardinal Anastasius the Librarian, who then received imperial confirmation. Benedict was imprisoned, but he had support among both the clergy and the people, and was eventually released and officially confirmed as pope. Although Anastasius was condemned by a synod, Benedict allowed him to receive lay communion, and the ex-Cardinal would become an adviser to later popes.

As pope, Benedict reprimanded the Frankish bishops, whom he blamed for failing to help alleviate problems in the empire. He also repaired Roman churches that had been damaged in 846 by Saracen invaders, and finished repairing the Schola Anglorum, which had been destroyed by fire in 847.

Benedict may have met the future Alfred the Great when the prince visited Rome with his father, King Ethelwulf.

It was claimed that the fictitious Pope Joan reigned between Leo IV and Benedict III, but papal records contradict this, and a surviving coin minted early in Benedict's pontificate supports that contradiction.

Benedict died in April of 858. He was succeeded by Nicholas I. 

More Pope Benedict III​ Resources:

Popes Benedict
All about the popes and antipopes who have gone by the name of Benedict through the Middle Ages and beyond.
 

Pope Benedict III​ in Print

The links below will take you to a site where you can compare prices at booksellers across the web. More in-depth info about the book may be found by clicking on to the book's page at one of the online merchants.


by Richard P. McBrien


by P. G. Maxwell-Stuart

Pope Benedict III​ on the Web

Pope Benedict III
Very brief bio by Horace K. Mann at the Catholic Encyclopedia.

Find A Grave: Pope Benedict III
Brief data is accompanied by a small icon of the pope and a nice photo of the cemetery at St. Peter's Basilica where Benedict rests; click the photo for an enlarged verison

The Papacy
Chronological List of Popes

Who's Who Directories:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Chronological Index

Geographical Index

Index by Profession, Achievement, or Role in Society

The text of this document is copyright ©2008-2014 Melissa Snell. You may download or print this document for personal or school use, as long as the URL below is included. Permission is not granted to reproduce this document on another website. For publication permission, please visit About's Reprint Permissions page.

The URL for this document is:
http://historymedren.about.com/od/bwho/fl/Pope-Benedict-III.htm