Spanish Verb Prepararse Conjugation

Prepararse Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Male student typing on computer from book
El chico se está preparando para un examen. (The boy is preparing for an exam). aldomurillo / Getty Images

The verb prepararse is a reflexive verb that means to prepare yourself, to get prepared, or to get ready for something.

Since this verb is often used reflexively, this article includes prepararse conjugations with reflexive pronouns in the indicative mood (present, past, conditional, and future), the subjunctive mood (present and past), the imperative mood, and other verb forms.

Preparar vs. Prepararse

The verb prepararse can also be used non-reflexively as preparar, which is always accompanied by a direct object. Preparar can be used to talk about preparing things like food or materials, or to talk about preparing people, as in training them for a job or sport competition.

When talking about getting ready to go out, like getting dressed, etc., a more common verb is alistarse.

Present Indicative

When conjugating a reflexive verb, the reflexive pronoun should be included before each conjugated verb.

Yo me preparo Yo me preparo para mis exámenes. I prepare for my exams.
te preparas Tú te preparas para la carrera. You prepare for the race.
Usted/él/ella se prepara Ella se prepara para su nuevo trabajo. She prepares for her new job.
Nosotros nos preparamos Nosotros nos preparamos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. We get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Vosotros os preparáis Vosotros os preparáis para hacer un largo viaje. You get ready to make a long trip.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se preparan Ellos se preparan para recibir a los invitados. They prepare to receive the guests.

Preterite Indicative

Use the preterite tense when you want to describe completed actions in the past.

Yo me preparé Yo me preparé para mis exámenes. I prepared for my exams.
te preparaste Tú te preparaste para la carrera. You prepared for the race.
Usted/él/ella se preparó Ella se preparó para su nuevo trabajo. She prepared for her new job.
Nosotros nos preparamos Nosotros nos preparamos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. We got ready to give a speech at the conference.
Vosotros os preparasteis Vosotros os preparasteis para hacer un largo viaje. You got ready to make a long trip.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se prepararon Ellos se prepararon para recibir a los invitados. They prepared to receive the guests.

Imperfect Indicative

Use the imperfect tense when you want to describe actions in the past that were ongoing or repeated. You can translate the imperfect as "was getting ready" or "used to get ready."

Yo me preparaba Yo me preparaba para mis exámenes. I was preparing for my exams.
te preparabas Tú te preparabas para la carrera. You were preparing for the race.
Usted/él/ella se preparaba Ella se preparaba para su nuevo trabajo. She was preparing for her new job.
Nosotros nos preparábamos Nosotros nos preparábamos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. We were getting ready to give a speech at the conference.
Vosotros os preparabais Vosotros os preparabais para hacer un largo viaje. You were getting ready to make a long trip.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se preparaban Ellos se preparaban para recibir a los invitados. They were preparing to receive the guests.

Future Indicative

There are two forms of the future tense. The simple future is conjugated with the infinitive form and the future tense endings (é, ás, á, emos, éis, án).

Yo me prepararé Yo me prepararé para mis exámenes. I will prepare for my exams.
te prepararás Tú te prepararás para la carrera. You will prepare for the race.
Usted/él/ella se preparará Ella se preparará para su nuevo trabajo. She will prepare for her new job.
Nosotros nos prepararemos Nosotros nos prepararemos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. We will get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Vosotros os prepararéis Vosotros os prepararéis para hacer un largo viaje. You will get ready to make a long trip.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se prepararán Ellos se prepararán para recibir a los invitados. They will prepare to receive the guests.

Periphrastic Future Indicative 

The other form of the future tense is the periphrastic future, which is conjugated with three components, the verb ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive preparar. Remember to place the reflexive pronoun before the conjugated verb ir (to go).

Yo me voy a preparar Yo me voy a preparar para mis exámenes. I am going to prepare for my exams.
te vas a preparar Tú te vas a preparar para la carrera. You are going to prepare for the race.
Usted/él/ella se va a preparar Ella se va a preparar para su nuevo trabajo. She is going to prepare for her new job.
Nosotros nos vamos a preparar Nosotros nos vamos a preparar para dar un discurso en la conferencia. We are going to get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Vosotros os vais a preparar Vosotros os vais a preparar para hacer un largo viaje. You are going to get ready to make a long trip.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se van a preparar Ellos se van a preparar para recibir a los invitados. They are going to prepare to receive the guests.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form

In Spanish, the gerund or present participle is often used as an adverb or to form progressive tenses like the present progressive. When conjugating progressive tenses there are two options for placement of the reflexive pronoun: it can go before the conjugated auxiliary verb estar, or attached to the end of the present participle.

Present Progressive of Prepararse se está preparando / está preparándose Ella se está preparando para su nuevo trabajo. She is preparing for her new job.

Past Participle

Similarly to English, in Spanish the past participle is used in perfect tenses like the present perfect. In perfect tenses the reflexive pronoun must be placed before the conjugated auxiliary verb haber.

Present Perfect of Prepararse se ha preparado Ella se ha preparado para su nuevo trabajo. She has prepared for her new job.

Conditional Indicative

If you want to talk about possibilities, you can use the conditional tense.

Yo me prepararía Yo me prepararía para mis exámenes si tuviera tiempo. I would prepare for my exams if I had time.
te prepararías Tú te prepararías para la carrera si estuvieras motivado. You would prepare for the race if you were motivated.
Usted/él/ella se prepararía Ella se prepararía para su nuevo trabajo, pero ella conoce bien el material. She would prepare for her new job, but she knows the material well.
Nosotros nos prepararíamos Nosotros nos prepararíamos para dar un discurso en la conferencia, pero no tenemos tiempo. We would get ready to give a speech at the conference, but we don't have time.
Vosotros os prepararíais Vosotros os prepararíais para hacer un largo viaje si tuvierais más dinero. You would get ready to make a long trip if you had more money.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se prepararían Ellos se prepararían para recibir a los invitados si decidieran venir. They would prepare to receive the guests if they decided to come.

Present Subjunctive

Que yo me prepare La maestra espera que yo me prepare para mis exámenes. The teacher hopes that I prepare for my exams.
Que tú te prepares El entrenador sugiere que tú te prepares para la carrera. The coach suggests that you prepare for the race.
Que usted/él/ella se prepare El jefe espera que ella se prepare para su nuevo trabajo. The boss hopes that she prepares for her new job.
Que nosotros nos preparemos El profesor recomienda que nosotros nos preparemos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. The professor recommends that we get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Que vosotros os preparéis Carlos pide que vosotros os preparéis para hacer un largo viaje. Carlos asks that you get ready to make a long trip.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se preparen Marta pide que ellos se preparen para recibir a los invitados. Marta asks that they prepare to receive the guests.

Imperfect Subjunctive

There are two possible ways of conjugating the imperfect subjunctive:

Option 1

Que yo me preparara La maestra esperaba que yo me preparara para mis exámenes. The teacher hoped that I prepare for my exams.
Que tú te prepararas El entrenador sugería que tú te prepararas para la carrera. The coach suggested that you prepare for the race.
Que usted/él/ella se preparara El jefe esperaba que ella se preparara para su nuevo trabajo. The boss hoped that she prepared for her new job.
Que nosotros nos preparáramos El profesor recomendaba que nosotros nos preparáramos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. The professor recommended that we get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Que vosotros os prepararais Carlos pedía que vosotros os prepararais para hacer un largo viaje. Carlos asked that you get ready to make a long trip.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se prepararan Marta pedía que ellos se prepararan para recibir a los invitados. Marta asked that they prepare to receive the guests.

Option 2

Que yo me preparase La maestra esperaba que yo me preparase para mis exámenes. The teacher hoped that I get ready for my exams.
Que tú te preparases El entrenador sugería que tú te preparases para la carrera. The coach suggested that you get ready for the race.
Que usted/él/ella se preparase El jefe esperaba que ella se preparase para su nuevo trabajo. The boss hoped that she get ready for her new job.
Que nosotros nos preparásemos El profesor recomendaba que nosotros nos preparásemos para dar un discurso en la conferencia. The professor recommended that we get ready to give a speech at the conference.
Que vosotros os preparaseis Carlos pedía que vosotros os preparaseis para hacer un largo viaje. Carlos asked that you get ready to make a long trip.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se preparasen Marta pedía que ellos se preparasen para recibir a los invitados. Marta asked that they get ready to receive the guests.

Imperative

If you want to give an order or command you need the imperative mood. When conjugating a reflexive verb, note that in positive commands, the reflexive pronoun goes after the verb, while in negative commands, the reflexive pronoun goes before the verb.

Positive Commands

prepárate ¡Prepárate para la carrera! Get ready for the race!
Usted prepárese ¡Prepárese para su nuevo trabajo! Get ready for your new job!
Nosotros preparémonos ¡Preparémonos para dar un discurso en la conferencia! Let's get ready to give a speech at the conference!
Vosotros preparaos ¡Preparaos para hacer un largo viaje! Get ready to make a long trip!
Ustedes prepárense ¡Prepárense para recibir a los invitados! Get ready to receive the guests!

Negative Commands

 no te prepares ¡No te prepares para la carrera! Don't get ready for the race!
Usted no se prepare ¡No se prepare para su nuevo trabajo! Don't get ready for your new job!
Nosotros no nos preparemos ¡No nos preparemos para dar un discurso en la conferencia! Let's not get ready to give a speech at the conference!
Vosotros no os preparéis ¡No os preparéis para hacer un largo viaje! Don't get ready to make a long trip!
Ustedes no se preparen ¡No se preparen para recibir a los invitados! Don't get ready to receive the guests!