Languages › English as a Second Language Learn to Use Prepositions of Place: In, Into, At On, Onto, and Out of Share Flipboard Email Print Writing your name at the top of the page. Adam Angelides / Getty Images English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. Learn about our Editorial Process Updated on January 29, 2020 Prepositions are used to show relationships between objects, people, and places. The prepositions "in," "on," and "at" are often used to express these relationships, as are "into," "onto" and "out of." This guide to the prepositions of place provides basic rules for beginning level English learners and classes. Each preposition is presented has with explanations of proper use and examples to help with understanding. Important exceptions are also included at the end of the lesson. How to Use the Preposition 'In' Use "in" with cities, regions, counties, states, and countries I live in Portland which is a city in Oregon.She works in Seattle which is in King County. Use "in" with spaces that you can physically walk into, or place something into. These could be inside or buildings or outside as well. in a room / in a building (indoors)in a garden / in a park (outdoors) Examples: Let's meet in the gym after class. I'm going to see Tom in that building over there.I enjoy walking in the garden at dusk.She's out jogging with her friends in the park. Use "in" with bodies of water: in the waterin the sea / river / lake / pond / ocean Examples: That duck is swimming in the water. You can see the fish in the water.Unfortunately, there's a lot of pollution in this sea.How many fishing lines can you see in the river? Use "in" with lines: in a row / line / queue Examples: There are so many people standing in that queue. Please stand in a row and let me count you.You'll have to stand in that line over there. How to Use the Preposition 'At' Use "at" with places in a town, city or other community: at the bus-stop / movies / shopping mall / park / museum / etc. Examples: I'll meet you at the bus stop.I saw Peter at the movies last night.I was at the shopping mall and decided I had to buy this sweater. Let's see the exhibit at the museum. Use "at" with places on a page: at the top / bottom of the page Examples You'll find the page number at the top of the page. Make sure to read the notes at the bottom of the page. Use "at" with places within a room or large space: at the back / front of the class / room / stadium Examples I think you'll find him at the front of the class.They're seated at the back of the bus. How to Use the Preposition 'On' Use "on" with vertical or horizontal surfaces that you can lay something onto, or attach something to: on the ceiling / wall / floor / table / etc. Examples I left the magazine on that table. Isn't that a beautiful painting on the wall?You have such lovely candles on the mantelpiece. Use "on" with islands: I stayed on Maui.Have you seen the volcano on the smaller island? Use "on" with directions: on the left / on the right / straight on Examples Take the next turn on the left.His house is on the right.Drive straight on to the stop light. How to Use the Preposition 'Into' Use "into" to express movement from one area into another: I drove into the garage and parked the car.Peter walked into the living room and turned on the TV. How to Use the Preposition 'Onto' Use "onto" to show that someone puts something onto a surface: He put the magazines onto the table.Alice put the plates onto the shelf in the cupboard. How to Use the Preposition 'Out of' Use "out of" when moving something towards you or when leaving a room: I took the clothes out of the washer.He drove out of the garage. Important Notes and Exceptions In the corner of a room, but at or on the corner of a street. That's a pretty box in the corner of the room.I'll get off at the next corner. In / at / on the front versus in the front or in the back of a car Can you hand me the sandwich in the front of the car?My jacket is in the back of the car. At the front / back of buildings / groups of people He's standing at the front of the crowd.You'll find him at the back of the parking garage. On the front / back of a piece of paper Write your name on the front of the test and hand it in.Make sure to check if there are any questions on the back of the page. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Beare, Kenneth. "Learn to Use Prepositions of Place: In, Into, At On, Onto, and Out of." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/prepositions-of-place-1210767. Beare, Kenneth. (2020, August 27). Learn to Use Prepositions of Place: In, Into, At On, Onto, and Out of. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/prepositions-of-place-1210767 Beare, Kenneth. "Learn to Use Prepositions of Place: In, Into, At On, Onto, and Out of." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/prepositions-of-place-1210767 (accessed January 20, 2022). copy citation Watch Now: Can You End a Sentence With a Preposition?