The Ten Principle Beliefs of the Sikh Religion

The Sikh religion is a monotheistic faith that is one of you youngest of the world's major religions. In terms of numbers of followers, it ranks as the ninth largest religion in the world, with followers numbering between 25 and 28 million. Originating at the end of the 15th century CE in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, the faith is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, as well as those of ten succeeding gurus. Somewhat unique among the world's religions, Sikhism rejects the notion that any religion, even theirs, holds a monopoly on ultimate spiritual truth. 

The following ten beliefs will introduce you to the tenets of this important religion. Follow the links to learn more. 

Ek Onkar
Sukh/Public Domain

Sikh's believe that we should acknowledge one creator, and are against worshiping demi-gods or idols. "God" is Sikhism is regarded as an all-pervading spirit without gender or form, who is approached through dedicated meditation. 

Ik Onkar--One God
What Do Sikhs Believe about God and Creation? More »

Sikh Sentiment on Interfaith Sign
Sikh Sentiment on Interfaith Sign. Photo [S Khalsa]

Sikhism believes that it is immoral to show distinction or rank because of race, class, or gender. Universality and equality are among the most important pillars of the Sikh faith.

Bhai Kanhaiya and His Example of Equality
Message of Equality in the Yuba City Annual Sikh Parade More »

Three Pillars of Sikhism
Three Pillars of Sikhism. Photo [S Khalsa]

Three main principles guide Sikhs: 

  • Be always absorbed in meditation and prayer.
  • Make an honest income by honorable methods.
  • Share earnings and selflessly serve others.

The Three Golden Rules of Sikhism More »

"When Anger Hurts: Quieting the Storm" Within by Matthew McKay
"When Anger Hurts: Quieting the Storm" Within by Matthew McKay. Photo © [Courtesy Pricegrabber]

Sikhs believe that egotism is the biggest hindrance to connecting with the timeless truth of God. Sikhs practice daily prayer and meditation to reduce the effects of ego and prevent indulgence in the manifestations of ego: 

  • Pride
  • Lust
  • Greed
  • Anger
  • Attachment

Homai --Ego
What Are the Five Evils?
  More »

Amritsanchar Ceremony of Khalsa Initiation
Amritsanchar Ceremony of Khalsa Initiation. Photo © [Ravitej Singh Khalsa / Eugene, Oregon / USA]

For many Sikhs, a voluntary ritual baptism is a critical part of religious practice. It symbolized becoming spiritually reborn by taking part in the baptism ceremony conducted by the "Five Beloved" Sikhs, who prepare and administer immortalizing nectar to initiates.

Sikh Baptism, The Amrit Ceremony Initiation of Khalsa
The Sikh Initiation Ceremony of Amritsanchar Illustrated More »

English Translation of The Document Sikh Rhet Maryada
English Translation of The Document Sikh Rhet Maryada. Photo © [Khalsa Panth]

Sikhs carefully live according to specific individual and communal standards, both ethical and spiritual. They are encouraged to forsake worldly worries, to abide by the guru's teachings and practice daily worship.

Sikhism Code of Conduct
The Sikh Way of Life and the Gurus' Teachings More »

Kachhera, the Sikh undergarment, are one of the required 5 K's.
Kachhera, the Sikh undergarment, are one of the required 5 K's. Photo © [Gurumustuk Singh Khalsa]

Sikhs wear five visual sign of their dedication to their faith: 

  • Wear the Sikh undergarment for modesty and health.
  • Wear a wooden comb in the turban to keep hair clean and untangled.
  • Wear a steel wristlet as a sign of faith.
  • Wear hair uncut, to honor the creator’s intention.
  • Wear a small sword symbolic of defending the religious rights of all faiths.

What Are the Five Required Articles of Sikh Faith More »

Amritdhari Initiates
Amritdhari Initiates. Photo © [Gurumustuk Singh Khalsa]

Sikh's follow four commandments include prohibitions against four behaviors: 

  • Do not dishonor the creator's intention by cutting the hair.
  • Do not harm the body with tobacco or other intoxicants.
  • Do not eat sacrificial meat.
  • Do not commit adultery.

What Are the Four Cardinal Commandments of Sikhism?
Panj Pyare Instruct Initiates In the Code of Conduct.
Tankhah--Penance More »

Nitnem Gutka
Nitnem Gutka. Photo © [S Khalsa]

Sikhism has an established practice of three morning prayers, an evening prayer and a bedtime prayer: 

  • Repeat the morning prayers.
  • Repeat the evening prayer.
  • Repeat the bedtime prayer.

All About Sikh Daily Prayers
What Are the Five Required Prayers?
  More »

Live Laugh Love
Live Laugh Love. Photo © [Khalsa Panth]

Community and cooperation with others are among the most important tenets of Sikhism: 

  • Worship together and sing God’s praise.
  • Cook and eat together.
  • Serve each other.

All About the Gurdwar--the Worship Place of Sikhs
The Sikh Dining Tradition of Langar
The Sikh Tradition of Selfless Service Illustrated More »