Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs: H to S

The principal parts of the irregular verb sing are sing, sang, and sung. (ULTRA.F/Getty Images)

In the table below, you will find the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs in English (from H to S).

To find the correct past or past participle form of a verb not included in the list, check your dictionary. If the dictionary gives only the present form of the verb, presume that the verb is regular and forms the past and past participle by adding -d or -ed.

Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs H-S

PRESENTPASTPAST PARTICIPLE
hang (execute)hangedhanged
hang (suspend)hunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt (or kneeled)knelt (or kneeled)
knitknitted (or knit)knitted (or knit)
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lie (recline)laylain
lie (fib)liedlied
lightlighted (or lit)lighted (or lit)
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mowmowedmowed (or mown)
paypaidpaid
proveprovedproved (or proven)
putputput
readreadread
ridrid (or ridded)rid (or ridded)
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
seesawseen
saysaidsaid
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewed (or sewn)
shakeshookshaken
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shrinkshrank (or shrunk)shrunk (or shrunken)
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksank (or sunk)sunk (or sunken)