Clovis

Founder of the Merovingian Dynasty

Clovis I
Illustration of Clovis I from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. Public Domain

This profile of Clovis is part of
Who's Who in Medieval History

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Clovis was also known as:

Chlodwig, Chlodowech

Clovis was known for:

Uniting several Frankish factions and founding the Merovingian dynasty of kings. Clovis defeated the last Roman ruler in Gaul and conquered various Germanic peoples in what is today France. His conversion to Catholicism (instead of the Arian form of Christianity practiced by many Germanic peoples) would prove a landmark development for the Frankish nation.

Occupations:

King
Military Leader

Places of Residence and Influence:

Europe
France

Important Dates:

Born: c. 466
Becomes ruler of Salian Franks: 481
Takes Belgica Secunda: 486
Marries Clotilda: 493
Incorporates territories of the Alemanni: 496
Gains control of Burgundian lands: 500
Acquires parts of Visigothic land: 507
Baptized as a Catholic (traditional date): Dec. 25508
Dies: Nov. 27, 511

About Clovis:

Clovis was the son of the Frankish king Childeric and the Thuringian queen Basina; he succeeded his father as ruler of the Salian Franks in 481. At this time he also had control of other Frankish groups around present-day Belgium. By the time of his death he had consolidated all the Franks under his rule. He took control of the Roman province of Belgica Secunda in 486, the territories of the Alemanni in 496, the lands of the Burgundians in 500, and portions of Visigothic territory in 507.

Although his Catholic wife Clotilda ultimately convinced Clovis to convert to Catholicism, he was interested for a time in Arian Christianity and was sympathetic to it.

His own conversion to Catholicism was personal and not a mass conversion of his peoples (many of whom were already Catholic), but the event had a profound influence on the nation and its relationship to the papacy. Clovis convoked a national Church council at Orléans, in which he participated significantly.

The Law of the Salian Franks (Pactus Legis Salicae) was a written code that most likely originated during the reign of Clovis. It combined customary law, Roman law and royal edicts, and it followed Christian ideals. Salic Law would influence French and European law for centuries.

The life and reign of Clovis was chronicled by Bishop Gregory of Tours more than half a century after the death of the king. Recent scholarship has revealed some errors in Gregory's account, but it still stands as an important history and biography of the great Frankish leader.

Clovis died in 511. His kingdom was divided among his four sons: Theuderic (born to a pagan wife before he wed Clotilda), and his three sons by Clotilda, Chlodomer, Childebert and Chlotar.

The name Clovis would later evolve into the name "Louis," the most popular name for French kings.

 

More Clovis Resources:

Clovis in Print

The links below will take you to a site where you can compare prices at booksellers across the web. More in-depth info about the book may be found by clicking on to the book's page at one of the online merchants.

Clovis, King of the Franks
by John W. Currier


(Biography from Ancient Civilizations)
by Earle Rice Jr.

Clovis on the Web

Clovis
Fairly extensive biography by Godefroid Kurth at the Catholic Encyclopedia.

The History of the Franks by Gregory of Tours
Abridged translation by Earnest Brehaut in 1916, made available online at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

The Conversion of Clovis
Two accounts of this significant event are offered at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

The Baptism of Clovis
Oil on panel from the Franco-Flemis Master of St. Giles, c. 1500. Click the image for a larger version.

Early Europe


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