Languages › English as a Second Language English Pronunciation Exercises - Short Vowels and Consonants Share Flipboard Email Print Tom Merton/Getty Images English as a Second Language Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated January 13, 2018 The following series of pronunciation exercises combines words beginning with the same consonant sound followed by similar vowel sounds. Voiced and voiceless consonants are paired (b - voiced / p - voiceless, d - voiced / t - voiceless, etc.) to help students compare and contrast similar consonant formation. Pairing similar phonemes to improve pronunciation skills is also known as the use of minimal pairs. Minimal pairs change words by one phoneme so that the basic pronunciation pattern remains the same with one slight - minimal - difference. This allows students to really focus in on the slight difference in jaw, tongue, or lip placement needed to make the various phonemes. Repeat each line slowly, listen for the minor differences between the vowel and consonant sounds.Repeat each line three times. Each time repeat more quickly trying to keep the sounds distinct.Find a partner and listen to each other repeat the lines.Try to invent sentences using each sound at least once. For example: The big bat bet he could beat the others. - Don't worry too much about the sentence making much sense! ih - pronounced 'ih' as in 'hit' ee - pronounced 'ee' as in 'see' eh - pronounced 'eh' as in 'let' ae - pronounced 'ae' as in 'cat' big beat bet bat pig peep pet pat did deal death dad tip teeth tell tap gill gee! get gap kill keep kept cat sip see set sat zip zeal zeppelin zap ship sheet shelf shaft gin jeep jell jack chip cheek chess chat hit heat help hat Vowel Sounds 'eh' - as in 'let', 'ih' - as in 'hit', 'ee' - as in 'see', and 'ae'- as in 'cat''long ah' - as in 'car', 'short ah' - as in 'got''long uh' - as in 'put', 'short uh' - as in 'up', 'oo' - as in 'through' Diphthong Sounds 'ay' - as in 'day', 'ai' - as in 'sky''ou' - as in 'home', 'ow' - as in 'mouse', 'oi' - as in 'boy''ieh(r)' - as in 'near', 'ehi(r)' - as in 'hair' English Pronunciation Exercises - U Sounding Vowels Understanding English Pronunciation Concepts Voiced vs. Voiceless Consonants How to Improve Your Pronunciation How to Teach Pronunciation Betty Botter Tongue Twister Minimal Pair Pronunciation Lesson Tongue Twisters - A Flea and a Fly 'Sea Shells by the Seashore' Tongue Twister Tongue Twisters: Peter Piper English Pronunciation Practice How to Stress Syllables in English American Accent Training by Ann Cook Past-Tense Regular Verb Pronunciation Tongue Twisters for ESL Learners Tongue Twisters: "Woodchuck"