Quick Facts on the Province of Quebec

Get To Know Canada's Largest Province

old-montreal-quebec-lge.jpg
Old Montreal, Province of Quebec. Rolf Hicker Photography / All Canada Photos / Getty Images

Quebec is the largest Canadian province in area (though the territory of Nunavut is larger) and the second largest in population, after Ontario. Quebec is a mainly French-speaking society, and the defense of its language and culture colors all politics in the province (in French, the province's name is spelled Québec).

Location of the Province of Quebec

Quebec is in eastern Canada. It is located between Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay on the west; Labrador and the Gulf of St.

Lawrence on the east; between Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay on the north; and New Brunswick and the United States on the south. Its largest city, Montreal, is about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of the U.S. border.

Area of Quebec

The province is 1,356,625.27 sq. km (523,795.95 sq. miles), making it the largest province by area, according to the 2016 Census.

Population of Quebec

As of the 2016 Census, 8,164,361 people live in Quebec. 

Capital City of Quebec

The capital of the province is Quebec City.

Date Quebec Entered Confederation

Quebec became one of the first provinces of Canada on July 1, 1867.

Government of Quebec

Liberal Party of Quebec

Last Quebec Provincial Election

The last general election in Quebec was April 7, 2014.

Premier of Quebec

Philippe Couillard is the 31st premier of Quebec and the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party.

Main Quebec Industries

The service sector dominates the economy, though the province's abundance of natural resources resulted in highly developed agriculture, manufacturing, energy, mining, forestry and transportation industries.