Quick Facts About the Province of Quebec

Canada's Largest Province

Old Montreal, Province of Quebec

Rolf Hicker Photography/All Canada Photos/Getty Images

Quebec is the largest Canadian province in area (though the territory of Nunavut is larger) and the second largest in population, after Ontario. Quebec is a mainly French-speaking society, and the defense of its language and culture colors all politics in the province (in French, the province's name is spelled Québec).

Location of the Province of Quebec

Quebec is in eastern Canada. It is located between Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay on the west; Labrador and the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the east; between Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay on the north; and New Brunswick and the United States on the south. Its largest city, Montreal, is about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of the U.S. border.

Area of Quebec

The province is 1,356,625.27 sq. km (523,795.95 sq. miles), making it the largest province by area, according to the 2016 Census.

Population of Quebec

As of the 2016 Census, 8,164,361 people live in Quebec. 

Capital City of Quebec

The capital of the province is Quebec City.

Date Quebec Entered Confederation

Quebec became one of the first provinces of Canada on July 1, 1867.

Government of Quebec

Coalition Avenir Québec

Last Quebec Provincial Election

The last general election in Quebec was October 1, 2018.

Premier of Quebec

Philippe Couillard is the 31st premier of Quebec and the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party.

Main Quebec Industries

The service sector dominates the economy, though the province's abundance of natural resources resulted in highly developed agriculture, manufacturing, energy, mining, forestry, and transportation industries. 

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Munroe, Susan. "Quick Facts About the Province of Quebec." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/quebec-facts-508584. Munroe, Susan. (2021, February 16). Quick Facts About the Province of Quebec. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/quebec-facts-508584 Munroe, Susan. "Quick Facts About the Province of Quebec." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/quebec-facts-508584 (accessed March 24, 2023).