Queen Cleopatra's Family Tree

Ancestry of Egypt's Most Famous Queen

Ancient Egyptian papyrus
Bravo1954/Getty Images  

During the Ptolemic Period in Ancient Egypt, several queens named Cleopatra rose to power. The most famous and influential of these was Cleopatra VII, the daughter of Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) and Cleopatra V. She came to power at the age of 18 in March of 51 B.C., ruling jointly with her 10-year-old brother, Ptolemy XIII, whom she eventually overthrew.

As the last true pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra married two of her own brothers (as was custom in the royal family), won a Civil War against Ptolemy XIII, was mistress to and fathered a son (Caesarion, Ptolemy XIV) with Julius Caesar, and finally met and married her love, Mark Antony.

She was also highly educated and spoke nine languages.

Cleopatra’s reign ended with her suicide, at the age of 39, after she and Antony were defeated by Octavian, Caesar’s heir, at the Battle of Actium. It is believed that she chose the bite from a Egyptian cobra snake (asp) as the means of her death to ensure her immortality as a goddess. Her son briefly reigned after her death before Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.  

Cleopatra Family Tree

Cleopatra VII 
b: 69 BC in Egypt
d: 30 BC in Egypt

Cleopatra's father and mother both were children of the same father, one by a wife, one by a concubine. Therefore, her family tree has fewer branches, some of them unknown. You will see the same names crop up frequently, going back six generations.

           
Ptolemy VIII
b: in Egypt
d: 116 BC in Egypt
 
       
Ptolemy IX
b: 142 BC in Egypt
d: 80 BC in Egypt
    
          
Cleopatra III
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
 
   
Ptolemy XII (Father)
b:
d: 51 BC in Egypt
        
       
       
Greek Concubine
b: in Unknown
d: in Egypt
       
   
 
    
          
Ptolemy VIII
b: in Egypt
d: 116 BC in Egypt
 
       
Ptolemy IX
b: 142 BC in Egypt
d: 80 BC in Egypt
    
          
Cleopatra III
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
 
   
Cleopatra V (Mother)
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
        
          
Ptolemy VI
b: 185 BC in Egypt
d: 145 BC in Egypt
 
       
Cleopatra IV
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
    
          
Cleopatra II
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
 
            

 

Family Tree of Ptolemy VIII (Paternal and Maternal Great-Grandfather of Cleopatra VII)

 

           
Ptolemy III
b: 276 BC in Egypt
d: 222 BC in Egypt
 
       
Ptolemy IV
b: 246 BC in Egypt
d: 205 BC in Egypt
    
          
Berenice II of Cyrene
b: in Thrace
d: in Egypt
 
   
Ptolemy V
b: 210 BC in Egypt
d: 180 BC in Egypt
        
          
Ptolemy III
b: 276 BC in Egypt
d: 222 BC in Egypt
 
       
Arsinoe III
b: 244 BC in Egypt
d: 204 BC in Egypt
    
          
Berenice II of Cyrene
b: in Thrace
d: in Egypt
 
            
        
       
Antiochus IV the Great
b: in Syria
d: in Syria
 
        
   
Cleopatra I
b: in Syria
d: 180 BC in Egypt
    
   
   

 

Family Tree of Cleopatra III (Paternal and Maternal Great-Grandmother of Cleopatra VII)

Cleopatra III was the daughter of a brother and sister, so her grandparents and great-grandparents were the same on both sides.

           
Ptolemy IV
b: 246 BC in Egypt
d: 205 BC in Egypt
 
       
Ptolemy V
b: 210 BC in Egypt
d: 180 BC in Egypt
    
          
Arsinoe III
b: 244 BC in Egypt
d: 204 BC in Egypt
 
   
Ptolemy VI
b: 185 BC in Egypt
d: 145 BC in Egypt
        
          
Antiochus IV the Great
b: in Syria
d: in Syria
 
       
Cleopatra I
b: in Syria
d: 180 BC in Egypt
    
        
         
          
Ptolemy IV
b: 246 BC in Egypt
d: 205 BC in Egypt
 
       
Ptolemy V
b: 210 BC in Egypt
d: 180 BC in Egypt
    
          
Arsinoe III
b: 244 BC in Egypt
d: 204 BC in Egypt
 
   
Cleopatra II
b: in Egypt
d: in Egypt
        
          
Antiochus IV the Great
b: in Syria
d: in Syria
 
       
Cleopatra I
b: in Syria
d: 180 BC in Egypt