Humanities › History & Culture Picture Gallery: Queen Hatshepsut, Female Pharaoh of Egypt Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Women's History Important Figures History Of Feminism Key Events Women's Suffrage Women & War Laws & Womens Rights Feminism & Pop Culture Feminist Texts American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century View More By Jone Johnson Lewis Women's History Writer B.A., Mundelein College M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. our editorial process Jone Johnson Lewis Updated January 31, 2018 Hatshepsut's Temple at Deir el-Bahri Deir el-Bahri - Temple of Hatshepsut. Getty Images / Sylvester Adams Hatshepsut was unique in history, not because she ruled Egypt though she was a woman -- several other women did so before and after -- but because she took on the full identify of a male pharaoh, and because she presided over a long period of stability and prosperity. Most female rulers in Egypt had short reigns in turbulent times. Hatshepsut's building program resulted in many beautiful temples, statues, tombs, and inscriptions. Her travel to the Land of Punt showed her contribution to trade and commerce. The Temple of Hatshepsut, built at Deir el-Bahri by the female pharaoh Hatshepsut, was part of the extensive building program she engaged in during her rule. Deir el-Bahri - Mortuary Temples of Mentuhotep and Hatshepsut Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / mit4711 A photograph of the complex of sites at Deir el-Bahri, including Hatshepsut's temple, Djeser-Djeseru, and temple of 11th century pharaoh, Mentuhotep. Djeser-Djeseru, Hatshepsut's Temple at Deir el-Bahri Djeser-Djeseru, Hatshepsut's Temple at Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / mit4711 A photograph of Hatshepsut's temple, Djeser-Djeseru, built by the female Pharaoh Hatshepsut, at Deir el-Bahri. Menuhotep's Temple - 11th Dynasty - Deir el-Bahri Menuhotep's Temple, Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / mit4711 Temple of 11th dynasty pharaoh, Menuhotep, at Deir el-Bahri - Hatshepsut's temple, located next to it, was modeled after its tiered design. Statue at the Temple of Hatshepsut Statue at the Temple of Hatshepsut. iStockphoto / Mary Lane Some 10-20 years after Hatshepsut's death, her successor, Thutmose III, deliberately destroyed images and other records of Hatshepsut as king. Colossus of Hatshepsut, Female Pharaoh Colossus of Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut at her mortuary temple in Deir el-Bahri in Egypt. (c) iStockphoto / pomortzeff A colossus of Pharaoh Hatshepsut from her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri, showing her with the false beard of the Pharaoh. Pharaoh Hatshepsut and Egyptian God Horus Pharaoh Hatshepsut presenting an offering to the god Horus. (c) www.clipart.com The female pharaoh Hatshepsut, depicted as a male pharaoh, is presenting an offering to the falcon god, Horus. Goddess Hathor Egyptian goddess Hathor, from the Temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / Brooklynworks A depiction of the goddess Hathor, from Hatshepsut's temple, Deir el-Bahri. Djeser-Djeseru - Upper Level Djeser-Djeseru / Temple of Hatshepsut / Upper Level / Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / mit4711 The upper level of Hatshepsut's Temple, Djeser-Djeseru, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt. Djeser-Djeseru - Osiris Statues Osiris/Hatshepsut statues, upper level, Djeser-Djeseru, Deir el-Bahri. (c) iStockphoto / mit4711 Row of statues of Hatshepsut as Osiris, upper level, Djeser-Djeseru, Hatshepsut's Temple at Deir el-Bahri. Hatshepsut as Osiris A row of statues of Hatshepsut as Osiris, from her Temple at Deir el-Bahri. iStockphoto / BMPix Hatshepsut is shown at her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri in this row of Osiris statues. The Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh became Osiris when he died. Hatshepsut as Osiris Pharaoh Hatshepsut Depicted as the God Osiris Hatshepsut as Osiris. iStockphoto / BMPix At her temple in Deir el-Bahri, the female Pharaoh Hatshepsut is depicted as the god Osiris. The Egyptians believed that a Pharaoh became Osiris at his death. Hatshepsut's Obelisk, Karnak Temple Surviving obelisk of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, at Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt. (c) iStockphoto / Dreef The surviving obelisk of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, at Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt. Hatshepsut's Obelisk, Karnak Temple (Detail) Surviving obelisk of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, at Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt. Detail of the top of the obelisk. (c) iStockphoto / Dreef The surviving obelisk of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, at Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt -- detail of the upper obelisk. Thutmose III - Statue from Temple at Karnak Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt - Statue at Temple at Karnak. (c) iStockphoto / Dreef Statue of Thutmose III, known as the Napoleon of Egypt. It is probably this king who removed Hatshepsut's images from temples and tombs after her death.